Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Early release of the 2017 ILO Labour Force Estimates and Projections, retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 86.90 2017
2 Madagascar 86.48 2017
3 Rwanda 86.15 2017
4 Cambodia 84.64 2017
5 Nepal 84.21 2017
6 Zimbabwe 83.58 2017
7 Tanzania 83.32 2017
8 Ethiopia 82.46 2017
9 Eritrea 81.35 2017
10 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 80.48 2017
11 United Arab Emirates 79.65 2017
12 Niger 78.90 2017
13 Burundi 78.87 2017
14 Mozambique 78.75 2017
15 Lao PDR 78.27 2017
16 Vietnam 78.22 2017
17 Angola 77.63 2017
18 Togo 77.57 2017
19 Iceland 77.31 2017
20 Malawi 76.98 2017
21 Ghana 76.93 2017
22 Peru 76.65 2017
23 Cameroon 76.21 2017
24 The Bahamas 75.79 2017
25 Zambia 74.80 2017
26 Dem. Rep. Congo 72.42 2017
27 Bahrain 72.20 2017
28 Botswana 71.89 2017
29 Guinea-Bissau 71.63 2017
30 Mali 71.50 2017
31 Central African Republic 71.47 2017
32 Solomon Islands 71.46 2017
33 Chad 71.14 2017
34 Kazakhstan 71.00 2017
35 Benin 70.88 2017
36 Macao SAR, China 70.81 2017
37 Uganda 70.67 2017
38 Vanuatu 70.52 2017
39 Paraguay 70.41 2017
40 Colombia 70.37 2017
41 Oman 70.18 2017
42 Papua New Guinea 69.92 2017
43 Congo 69.67 2017
44 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69.55 2017
45 New Zealand 69.21 2017
46 Kuwait 69.03 2017
47 China 68.93 2017
48 Thailand 68.56 2017
49 Singapore 68.46 2017
50 Switzerland 68.42 2017
51 St. Lucia 68.34 2017
52 Ecuador 68.25 2017
53 Haiti 68.12 2017
54 Honduras 68.10 2017
55 Georgia 67.64 2017
56 Bolivia 67.42 2017
57 Jamaica 67.23 2017
58 Brunei 67.09 2017
59 Belize 67.07 2017
60 Panama 66.92 2017
61 Bhutan 66.79 2017
62 Dominican Republic 66.75 2017
63 Nicaragua 66.62 2017
64 Burkina Faso 66.49 2017
65 Lesotho 66.46 2017
66 Indonesia 66.28 2017
67 Azerbaijan 66.11 2017
68 Barbados 65.92 2017
69 Uzbekistan 65.65 2017
70 Turkmenistan 65.46 2017
71 Kenya 65.41 2017
72 Canada 65.20 2017
73 Myanmar 65.08 2017
74 Uruguay 64.83 2017
75 Australia 64.81 2017
76 Malaysia 64.48 2017
77 Norway 64.23 2017
78 Guinea 64.22 2017
79 Israel 64.15 2017
80 Sweden 64.04 2017
81 Belarus 64.01 2017
82 Brazil 63.67 2017
83 Venezuela 63.63 2017
84 Russia 63.53 2017
85 Netherlands 63.52 2017
86 Denmark 63.14 2017
87 Cyprus 62.79 2017
88 Estonia 62.75 2017
89 New Caledonia 62.73 2017
90 Korea 62.63 2017
91 United Kingdom 62.34 2017
92 Philippines 62.31 2017
93 Chile 62.30 2017
94 Trinidad and Tobago 62.09 2017
95 Guatemala 62.02 2017
96 United States 61.89 2017
97 Namibia 61.69 2017
98 Kyrgyz Republic 61.64 2017
99 El Salvador 61.40 2017
100 Mexico 61.31 2017
101 Latvia 60.62 2017
102 Lithuania 60.55 2017
103 Germany 60.48 2017
104 Cabo Verde 60.40 2017
105 Hong Kong SAR, China 60.38 2017
106 Austria 60.33 2017
107 Japan 60.21 2017
108 Armenia 60.14 2017
109 Ireland 59.99 2017
110 Czech Republic 59.93 2017
111 Argentina 59.85 2017
112 Slovak Republic 59.79 2017
113 Costa Rica 59.54 2017
114 Tonga 59.47 2017
115 Mongolia 59.34 2017
116 The Gambia 59.27 2017
117 Tajikistan 59.26 2017
118 Equatorial Guinea 59.23 2017
119 Djibouti 58.99 2017
120 Mauritius 58.69 2017
121 Finland 58.27 2017
122 Fiji 58.24 2017
123 Portugal 58.20 2017
124 São Tomé and Principe 58.13 2017
125 Sierra Leone 57.91 2017
126 Luxembourg 57.88 2017
127 Spain 57.81 2017
128 Guyana 57.70 2017
129 Côte d'Ivoire 57.31 2017
130 Senegal 57.20 2017
131 Poland 56.58 2017
132 Bangladesh 56.50 2017
133 Slovenia 56.26 2017
134 Saudi Arabia 56.12 2017
135 Albania 56.07 2017
136 Liberia 55.67 2017
137 Hungary 55.56 2017
138 France 55.21 2017
139 Nigeria 55.15 2017
140 Macedonia 54.96 2017
141 South Africa 54.72 2017
142 Malta 54.45 2017
143 Pakistan 54.44 2017
144 Cuba 54.34 2017
145 Swaziland 54.29 2017
146 Afghanistan 54.24 2017
147 Ukraine 54.20 2017
148 India 53.79 2017
149 Sri Lanka 53.54 2017
150 Serbia 53.50 2017
151 Bulgaria 53.44 2017
152 Suriname 53.42 2017
153 Romania 53.22 2017
154 Belgium 53.15 2017
155 Greece 52.87 2017
156 Libya 52.48 2017
157 Turkey 51.62 2017
158 Gabon 51.43 2017
159 Croatia 51.30 2017
160 Mauritania 49.42 2017
161 Morocco 49.00 2017
162 Italy 48.62 2017
163 Montenegro 48.44 2017
164 Egypt 47.99 2017
165 Lebanon 47.19 2017
166 Tunisia 46.90 2017
167 Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.60 2017
168 Sudan 46.48 2017
169 Iraq 46.47 2017
170 Somalia 46.11 2017
171 Iran 44.15 2017
172 Comoros 43.09 2017
173 Moldova 42.45 2017
174 Puerto Rico 41.62 2017
175 Algeria 41.43 2017
176 Syrian Arab Republic 41.07 2017
177 Jordan 39.09 2017
178 Timor-Leste 38.78 2017
179 Yemen 37.92 2017
180 Samoa 31.53 2017

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections. National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.