Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24 is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Zimbabwe 84.10 2014
2 Uganda 75.80 2013
3 Madagascar 74.70 2015
4 Tanzania 72.40 2014
5 Niger 70.40 2011
6 Mozambique 65.50 2015
7 Rwanda 65.40 2014
8 Malawi 65.10 2013
9 Togo 64.50 2011
10 Central African Republic 64.30 1988
11 Cabo Verde 63.50 1990
12 Equatorial Guinea 63.00 1983
13 Mali 61.90 2016
14 Somalia 59.90 1975
15 Angola 57.60 2011
16 Cameroon 56.90 2010
17 Zambia 56.70 2012
18 Chad 56.50 1993
19 Ethiopia 56.20 2014
20 Seychelles 55.20 2015
21 Ghana 53.90 2013
22 Burundi 52.90 2014
23 Burkina Faso 51.90 2014
24 Mauritania 47.70 1975
25 Guinea 47.20 2002
26 Botswana 46.20 2013
27 Dem. Rep. Congo 45.80 2005
28 Lesotho 45.10 2013
29 Mauritius 43.90 2014
30 São Tomé and Principe 43.40 1991
31 Benin 43.00 2011
32 Congo 42.50 2005
33 The Gambia 41.40 2012
34 Kenya 38.40 2005
35 Namibia 36.60 2016
36 Côte d'Ivoire 36.20 2016
37 Sudan 35.40 1996
38 Tunisia 35.20 2012
39 Morocco 32.30 2014
40 Guinea-Bissau 32.10 1979
41 Liberia 31.80 2010
42 Egypt 31.40 2016
43 Swaziland 30.50 1997
44 Sierra Leone 28.80 2014
45 Senegal 27.20 2015
46 South Africa 26.40 2016
47 Algeria 24.60 2016
48 Nigeria 23.60 2013
49 Gabon 18.30 2010
50 Libya 17.70 2012
51 Comoros 15.70 2004

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.