Annualized average growth rate in per capita real survey mean consumption or income, bottom 40% of population (%) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: The growth rate in the welfare aggregate of the bottom 40% is computed as the annualized average growth rate in per capita real consumption or income of the bottom 40% of the population in the income distribution in a country from household surveys over a roughly 5-year period. Mean per capita real consumption or income is measured at 2011 Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) using the PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet). For some countries means are not reported due to grouped and/or confidential data. The annualized growth rate is computed as (Mean in final year/Mean in initial year)^(1/(Final year - Initial year)) - 1. The reference year is the year in which the underlying household survey data was collected. In cases for which the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the first year in which data were collected is reported. The initial year refers to the nearest survey collected 5 years before the most recent survey available, only surveys collected between 3 and 7 years before the most recent survey are considered. The final year refers to the most recent survey available between 2011 and 2015. Growth rates for Iraq are based on survey means of 2005 PPP$. The coverage and quality of the 2011 PPP price data for Iraq and most other North African and Middle Eastern countries were hindered by the exceptional period of instability they faced at the time of the 2011 exercise of the International Comparison Program. See PovcalNet for detailed explanations.

Source: World Bank, Global Database of Shared Prosperity (GDSP) circa 2011-2016 (http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/brief/global-database-of-shared-prosperity).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Latvia 7.52 2015
2 Lithuania 6.65 2015
3 North Macedonia 6.45 2015
4 Estonia 6.15 2015
5 Malta 3.57 2015
6 Moldova 2.61 2017
7 Poland 2.54 2015
8 Turkey 2.53 2016
9 Norway 2.12 2015
10 Sweden 1.80 2015
11 Ireland 1.69 2015
12 Czech Republic 1.42 2015
13 Hungary 1.19 2015
14 Belarus 1.09 2017
15 Switzerland 0.98 2015
16 Netherlands 0.95 2015
17 France 0.74 2015
18 Belgium 0.57 2015
19 Denmark 0.56 2015
20 Finland 0.53 2015
21 Croatia 0.48 2015
22 Bulgaria 0.43 2014
23 United Kingdom 0.42 2015
24 Romania 0.06 2015
25 Iceland -0.13 2014
26 Germany -0.18 2015
27 Austria -0.47 2015
28 Slovak Republic -0.62 2015
29 Slovenia -0.77 2015
30 Ukraine -0.83 2016
31 Portugal -0.87 2015
32 Serbia -1.70 2015
33 Luxembourg -2.14 2015
33 Italy -2.14 2015
35 Spain -2.16 2015
36 Montenegro -2.73 2014
37 Cyprus -4.34 2015
38 Greece -8.35 2015

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Limitations and Exceptions: Growth rates for Iraq are based on survey means of 2005 PPP$. The coverage and quality of the 2011 PPP price data for Iraq and most other North African and Middle Eastern countries were hindered by the exceptional period of instability they faced at the time of the 2011 exercise of the International Comparison Program. See PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet) for detailed explanations. Because household surveys are infrequent in most countries and are not aligned across countries, comparisons across countries or over time should be made with a high degree of caution.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The comparability of welfare aggregates (consumption or income) for the chosen years T0 and T1 is assessed for every country. If comparability across the two surveys is a major concern for a country, the selection criteria are re-applied to select the nex