Income share held by lowest 10% - Country Ranking

Definition: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For mor

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Kazakhstan 4.30 2015
2 Ukraine 4.20 2015
3 Kyrgyz Republic 4.10 2015
3 Moldova 4.10 2015
3 Algeria 4.10 2011
6 Pakistan 4.00 2013
6 Belarus 4.00 2015
8 Iceland 3.90 2014
8 Finland 3.90 2014
8 Egypt 3.90 2015
8 Timor-Leste 3.90 2007
8 Czech Republic 3.90 2014
13 Bangladesh 3.80 2010
13 Slovenia 3.80 2014
15 Albania 3.70 2012
15 Iraq 3.70 2012
17 Burkina Faso 3.60 2014
17 India 3.60 2011
17 Romania 3.60 2013
17 Denmark 3.60 2014
21 Jordan 3.50 2010
21 Serbia 3.50 2013
21 Azerbaijan 3.50 2008
21 Netherlands 3.50 2014
21 Norway 3.50 2014
21 São Tomé and Principe 3.50 2010
21 Montenegro 3.50 2014
21 Sweden 3.50 2014
21 Nepal 3.50 2010
30 Belgium 3.40 2014
30 Armenia 3.40 2015
32 Germany 3.30 2013
32 Mongolia 3.30 2014
32 Sierra Leone 3.30 2011
32 Poland 3.30 2014
32 Switzerland 3.30 2013
32 Mali 3.30 2009
38 Ethiopia 3.20 2010
38 Luxembourg 3.20 2014
38 France 3.20 2014
38 Syrian Arab Republic 3.20 2004
38 Liberia 3.20 2014
38 Niger 3.20 2014
38 Fiji 3.20 2013
38 Lao PDR 3.20 2012
46 Lebanon 3.10 2011
46 Tanzania 3.10 2011
46 Indonesia 3.10 2013
46 Ireland 3.10 2014
46 Austria 3.10 2014
51 Tajikistan 3.00 2015
51 Mauritius 3.00 2012
51 Cyprus 3.00 2014
51 Yemen 3.00 2014
51 Mauritania 3.00 2014
51 Sri Lanka 3.00 2012
51 Myanmar 3.00 2015
51 Guinea 3.00 2012
59 Slovak Republic 2.90 2014
59 Thailand 2.90 2013
59 Hungary 2.90 2014
59 United Kingdom 2.90 2014
59 Uzbekistan 2.90 2003
59 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.90 2011
65 Bhutan 2.80 2012
65 Russia 2.80 2015
65 Solomon Islands 2.80 2013
65 Australia 2.80 2010
69 Tonga 2.70 2009
69 Philippines 2.70 2015
69 Tuvalu 2.70 2010
69 Samoa 2.70 2008
69 Vietnam 2.70 2014
69 Vanuatu 2.70 2010
69 Japan 2.70 2008
76 Turkmenistan 2.60 1998
76 Tunisia 2.60 2010
76 Burundi 2.60 2013
76 Korea 2.60 2012
76 Sudan 2.60 2009
76 Morocco 2.60 2006
76 Croatia 2.60 2014
83 Uganda 2.50 2012
83 Kiribati 2.50 2006
83 Zimbabwe 2.50 2011
86 El Salvador 2.40 2015
86 Canada 2.40 2013
86 Iran 2.40 2014
86 Estonia 2.40 2014
90 Gabon 2.30 2005
90 Portugal 2.30 2014
90 Georgia 2.30 2015
90 Senegal 2.30 2011
90 Latvia 2.30 2014
95 Turkey 2.20 2014
95 Malawi 2.20 2010
95 Madagascar 2.20 2012
98 Haiti 2.10 2012
98 Lithuania 2.10 2014
98 Côte d'Ivoire 2.10 2015
98 Jamaica 2.10 2004
98 Angola 2.10 2008
98 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.10 2012
98 Rwanda 2.10 2013
98 Trinidad and Tobago 2.10 1992
106 Bulgaria 2.00 2014
106 Greece 2.00 2014
106 Cabo Verde 2.00 2007
106 China 2.00 2012
106 St. Lucia 2.00 1995
106 Italy 2.00 2014
106 Ghana 2.00 2012
106 Nigeria 2.00 2009
114 Nicaragua 1.90 2014
114 Togo 1.90 2015
114 Dominican Republic 1.90 2015
114 Seychelles 1.90 2013
114 Papua New Guinea 1.90 2009
114 Mexico 1.90 2014
114 Mozambique 1.90 2008
114 Uruguay 1.90 2015
122 Chad 1.80 2011
122 The Gambia 1.80 2003
122 Spain 1.80 2014
122 Malaysia 1.80 2009
126 Chile 1.70 2015
126 Cameroon 1.70 2014
126 Israel 1.70 2012
126 Kenya 1.70 2005
126 Macedonia 1.70 2015
126 Djibouti 1.70 2013
126 United States 1.70 2013
133 Argentina 1.60 2014
133 Peru 1.60 2015
133 Guatemala 1.60 2014
133 Congo 1.60 2011
133 Comoros 1.60 2013
133 Guinea-Bissau 1.60 2010
139 Swaziland 1.50 2009
139 Guyana 1.50 1998
139 Costa Rica 1.50 2015
139 Ecuador 1.50 2015
143 Paraguay 1.40 2015
144 Namibia 1.30 2009
145 Colombia 1.20 2015
145 Central African Republic 1.20 2008
145 Honduras 1.20 2015
148 Panama 1.10 2015
148 Brazil 1.10 2015
150 Benin 1.00 2015
150 Zambia 1.00 2015
150 Botswana 1.00 2009
150 Bolivia 1.00 2015
154 Lesotho 0.90 2010
154 Belize 0.90 1999
154 South Africa 0.90 2011
157 Venezuela 0.50 2006
158 Suriname 0.00 1999

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Development Relevance: The World Bank Group’s goal of promoting shared prosperity has been defined as fostering income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the welfare distribution in every country. Income distribution data and the Gini coefficient measure inequality in income or consumption and important indicators for measuring shared prosperity.

Limitations and Exceptions: Despite progress in the last decade, the challenges of measuring poverty remain. The timeliness, frequency, quality, and comparability of household surveys need to increase substantially, particularly in the poorest countries. The availability and quality of poverty monitoring data remains low in small states, countries with fragile situations, and low-income countries and even some middle-income countries. The low frequency and lack of comparability of the data available in some countries create uncertainty over the magnitude of poverty reduction. Besides the frequency and timeliness of survey data, other data quality issues arise in measuring household living standards. The surveys ask detailed questions on sources of income and how it was spent, which must be carefully recorded by trained personnel. Income is generally more difficult to measure accurately, and consumption comes closer to the notion of living standards. And income can vary over time even if living standards do not. But consumption data are not always available: the latest estimates reported here use consumption data for about two-thirds of countries. However, even similar surveys may not be strictly comparable because of differences in timing or in the quality and training of enumerators. Comparisons of countries at different levels of development also pose a potential problem because of differences in the relative importance of the consumption of nonmarket goods. The local market value of all consumption in kind (including own production, particularly important in underdeveloped rural economies) should be included in total consumption expenditure but may not be. Most survey data now include valuations for consumption or income from own production, but valuation methods vary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inequality in the distribution of income is reflected in the share of income or consumption accruing to a portion of the population ranked by income or consumption levels. The portions ranked lowest by personal income receive the smallest shares of total income. Data on the distribution of income or consumption come from nationally representative household surveys. Where the original data from the household survey were available, they have been used to directly calculate the income or consumption shares by quintile. Otherwise, shares have been estimated from the best available grouped data. The distribution data have been adjusted for household size, providing a more consistent measure of per capita income or consumption. No adjustment has been made for spatial differences in cost of living within countries, because the data needed for such calculations are generally unavailable. For further details on the estimation method for low- and middle-income economies, see Ravallion and Chen (1996). Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The World Bank’s internationally comparable poverty monitoring database now draws on income or detailed consumption data from more than one thousand six hundred household surveys across 164 countries in six regions and 25 other high income countries (indu