Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2011 international $) - Country Ranking

Definition: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2011 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates.

Source: World Health Organization Global Health Expenditure database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database for the most recent updates).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 9,402.54 2014
2 Monaco 7,301.92 2014
3 Luxembourg 6,812.08 2014
4 Switzerland 6,468.50 2014
5 Norway 6,346.62 2014
6 Sweden 5,218.86 2014
7 Netherlands 5,201.70 2014
8 Germany 5,182.11 2014
9 Austria 5,038.88 2014
10 Denmark 4,782.06 2014
11 Canada 4,640.95 2014
12 France 4,508.14 2014
13 Belgium 4,391.60 2014
14 Australia 4,357.26 2014
15 Andorra 4,272.52 2014
16 Singapore 4,046.98 2014
17 New Zealand 4,018.31 2014
18 Iceland 3,881.70 2014
19 Ireland 3,801.06 2014
20 Japan 3,726.68 2014
21 Finland 3,701.14 2014
22 San Marino 3,390.15 2014
23 United Kingdom 3,376.87 2014
24 Italy 3,238.89 2014
25 Malta 3,071.63 2014
26 Qatar 3,071.19 2014
27 Spain 2,965.82 2014
28 Slovenia 2,697.67 2014
29 Portugal 2,689.94 2014
30 Israel 2,599.13 2014
31 Korea 2,530.57 2014
32 Cuba 2,474.62 2014
33 Saudi Arabia 2,465.98 2014
34 United Arab Emirates 2,405.37 2014
35 Kuwait 2,319.61 2014
36 Bahrain 2,272.90 2014
37 Slovak Republic 2,179.05 2014
38 Czech Republic 2,146.32 2014
39 Greece 2,098.05 2014
40 Cyprus 2,062.37 2014
41 Russia 1,835.71 2014
42 Hungary 1,826.68 2014
43 The Bahamas 1,818.77 2014
44 Trinidad and Tobago 1,815.66 2014
45 Uruguay 1,792.18 2014
46 Brunei 1,777.76 2014
47 Chile 1,749.36 2014
48 Lithuania 1,718.02 2014
49 Panama 1,676.95 2014
50 Estonia 1,668.31 2014
51 Croatia 1,652.12 2014
52 Poland 1,570.45 2014
53 Oman 1,441.97 2014
54 Palau 1,428.88 2014
55 Bulgaria 1,398.88 2014
56 Costa Rica 1,389.34 2014
57 Brazil 1,318.17 2014
58 Serbia 1,312.22 2014
59 Antigua and Barbuda 1,208.08 2014
60 Equatorial Guinea 1,163.42 2014
61 St. Kitts and Nevis 1,151.67 2014
62 South Africa 1,148.37 2014
63 Argentina 1,137.24 2014
64 Mexico 1,121.99 2014
65 Iran 1,081.67 2014
66 Romania 1,079.26 2014
67 Kazakhstan 1,068.06 2014
68 Azerbaijan 1,047.30 2014
69 Malaysia 1,040.23 2014
70 Ecuador 1,039.76 2014
71 Turkey 1,036.47 2014
72 Belarus 1,030.99 2014
73 Barbados 1,013.97 2014
74 Lebanon 987.39 2014
75 Suriname 978.63 2014
76 Colombia 961.89 2014
77 Bosnia and Herzegovina 957.40 2014
78 Latvia 940.30 2014
79 Algeria 932.10 2014
80 Venezuela 922.99 2014
81 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 916.55 2014
82 Mauritius 896.16 2014
83 Montenegro 888.17 2014
84 Paraguay 872.93 2014
85 Botswana 870.84 2014
86 Namibia 869.30 2014
87 Macedonia 851.15 2014
88 Seychelles 844.34 2014
89 Libya 806.23 2014
90 Jordan 797.59 2014
91 Tunisia 785.32 2014
92 China 730.52 2014
93 Grenada 728.31 2014
94 St. Lucia 698.30 2014
95 Iraq 667.01 2014
96 Peru 656.18 2014
97 Georgia 627.74 2014
98 Albania 614.54 2014
99 Thailand 599.84 2014
100 Gabon 599.26 2014
101 Egypt 594.11 2014
102 Dominica 586.90 2014
103 Swaziland 586.82 2014
104 Tuvalu 585.04 2014
105 Ukraine 584.24 2014
106 Dominican Republic 580.33 2014
107 Mongolia 565.07 2014
108 El Salvador 564.89 2014
109 Moldova 514.21 2014
110 Nauru 511.54 2014
111 Belize 488.74 2014
112 Jamaica 476.18 2014
113 Guatemala 472.85 2014
114 Morocco 446.64 2014
115 Nicaragua 444.62 2014
116 Bolivia 427.41 2014
117 Samoa 417.81 2014
118 Honduras 399.75 2014
119 Vietnam 390.50 2014
120 Guyana 378.79 2014
121 Syrian Arab Republic 375.88 2014
122 Sri Lanka 369.17 2014
123 Fiji 364.05 2014
124 Armenia 362.13 2014
125 Uzbekistan 339.61 2014
126 Djibouti 337.96 2014
127 Philippines 328.87 2014
128 Congo 322.63 2014
129 Turkmenistan 319.90 2014
130 Cabo Verde 310.12 2014
131 São Tomé and Principe 299.73 2014
132 Indonesia 299.41 2014
133 Sudan 281.64 2014
134 Bhutan 281.10 2014
135 Lesotho 276.04 2014
136 Tonga 269.77 2014
137 India 267.41 2014
138 Angola 239.01 2014
139 Sierra Leone 223.74 2014
140 Nigeria 216.87 2014
141 Kyrgyz Republic 215.06 2014
142 Yemen 202.16 2014
143 Zambia 194.68 2014
144 Côte d'Ivoire 187.02 2014
145 Tajikistan 185.15 2014
146 Kiribati 183.56 2014
147 Cambodia 183.23 2014
148 Kenya 168.98 2014
149 Afghanistan 166.52 2014
150 Vanuatu 150.36 2014
151 Mauritania 148.11 2014
152 Ghana 145.37 2014
153 Tanzania 137.49 2014
154 Nepal 137.40 2014
155 Uganda 132.59 2014
156 Haiti 130.85 2014
157 Pakistan 128.99 2014
158 Rwanda 125.07 2014
159 Cameroon 121.92 2014
160 The Gambia 118.43 2014
161 Zimbabwe 114.61 2014
162 Papua New Guinea 109.49 2014
163 Mali 108.10 2014
164 Solomon Islands 107.61 2014
165 Senegal 106.94 2014
166 Myanmar 103.47 2014
167 Timor-Leste 101.54 2014
168 Comoros 100.82 2014
169 Lao PDR 98.47 2014
170 Liberia 98.29 2014
171 Malawi 93.48 2014
172 Guinea-Bissau 90.96 2014
173 Bangladesh 88.08 2014
174 Benin 85.61 2014
175 Burkina Faso 82.31 2014
176 Mozambique 79.32 2014
177 Chad 79.02 2014
178 Togo 76.25 2014
179 Ethiopia 72.96 2014
180 Guinea 68.46 2014
181 Burundi 58.02 2014
182 Niger 53.53 2014
183 Eritrea 51.04 2014
184 Madagascar 43.70 2014
185 Dem. Rep. Congo 32.28 2014
186 Central African Republic 24.96 2014

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Development Relevance: Health systems - the combined arrangements of institutions and actions whose primary purpose is to promote, restore, or maintain health (World Health Organization, World Health Report 2000) - are increasingly being recognized as key to combating disease and improving the health status of populations. The World Bank's Healthy Development: Strategy for Health, Nutrition, and Population Results emphasizes the need to strengthen health systems, which are weak in many countries, in order to increase the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing specific diseases and further reduce morbidity and mortality. To evaluate health systems, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that key components - such as financing, service delivery, workforce, governance, and information - be monitored using several key indicators. The data are a subset of the key indicators. Monitoring health systems allows the effectiveness, efficiency, and equity of different health system models to be compared. Health system data also help identify weaknesses and strengths and areas that need investment, such as additional health facilities, better health information systems, or better trained human resources.

Limitations and Exceptions: Country data may differ in terms of definitions, data collection methods, population coverage and estimation methods used. In countries where the fiscal year spans two calendar years, expenditure data have been allocated to the later year (for example, 2010 data cover fiscal year 2009/10).

Original Source Notes: PPP series derived from the International Comparison Program (ICP) and estimated by the World Bank have been used. For countries where these are not available, PPPs are estimated by WHO. All the health expenditure indicators refer to expenditures by finan

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Health expenditure data are broken down into public and private expenditures. In general, low-income economies have a higher share of private health expenditure than do middle- and high-income countries, and out-of-pocket expenditure (direct payments by households to providers) makes up the largest proportion of private expenditures. High out-of-pocket expenditures may discourage people from accessing preventive or curative care and can impoverish households that cannot afford necessary care. Health financing data are collected through national health accounts, which systematically, comprehensively, and consistently monitor health system resource flows. To establish a national health account, countries must define the boundaries of the health system and classify health expenditure information along several dimensions, including sources of financing, providers of health services, functional use of health expenditures, and beneficiaries of expenditures. The accounting system can then provide an accurate picture of resource envelopes and financial flows and allow analysis of the equity and efficiency of financing to inform policy.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2011

Periodicity: Annual