People using safely managed sanitation services (% of population) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of people using improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated offsite. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines: ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (washdata.org).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Singapore 100.00 2015
1 Kuwait 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2015
1 Monaco 100.00 2015
5 Japan 99.80 2015
6 Liechtenstein 99.33 2015
7 Switzerland 98.99 2015
8 Korea 98.46 2015
9 United Kingdom 97.65 2015
10 Netherlands 97.46 2015
11 Spain 97.45 2015
12 Belgium 97.10 2015
13 Austria 96.78 2015
14 Germany 95.48 2015
15 Italy 95.43 2015
16 Luxembourg 93.69 2015
17 United Arab Emirates 93.37 2015
18 Israel 93.28 2015
19 Denmark 93.21 2015
20 Greenland 93.07 2015
21 Malta 93.03 2015
22 Estonia 92.90 2015
23 Sweden 92.31 2015
24 France 92.10 2015
25 Finland 91.60 2015
26 United States 89.50 2015
27 Qatar 88.45 2015
28 Chile 85.48 2015
29 Saudi Arabia 84.50 2015
30 Czech Republic 81.93 2015
31 Malaysia 81.93 2015
32 Slovak Republic 81.70 2015
33 Norway 78.45 2015
34 Latvia 78.38 2015
35 San Marino 77.87 2015
36 Jordan 77.26 2015
37 Poland 77.14 2015
38 Canada 76.78 2015
39 Belarus 76.23 2015
40 New Zealand 75.93 2015
41 Slovenia 75.72 2015
42 Hungary 75.64 2015
43 Cyprus 75.60 2015
44 Greece 75.25 2015
45 Australia 74.21 2015
46 Tunisia 73.46 2015
47 Ireland 70.27 2015
48 Iceland 68.90 2015
49 Albania 64.82 2015
50 Uruguay 63.61 2015
51 Portugal 61.67 2015
52 Lithuania 61.20 2015
53 Egypt 60.61 2015
54 Croatia 60.13 2015
55 China 59.69 2015
56 Romania 57.08 2015
57 Bulgaria 48.86 2015
58 Mexico 45.16 2015
59 Turkey 44.29 2015
60 Ecuador 42.37 2015
61 Brazil 38.64 2015
62 Morocco 38.08 2015
63 Puerto Rico 32.12 2015
64 Iraq 31.94 2015
65 Cuba 30.85 2015
66 Peru 30.25 2015
67 Argentina 26.48 2015
68 Libya 26.25 2015
69 Senegal 24.11 2015
70 Serbia 24.02 2015
71 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.08 2015
72 Lebanon 20.07 2015
73 Palau 19.62 2015
74 Colombia 19.61 2015
75 Algeria 19.14 2015
76 Venezuela 19.11 2015
77 Bolivia 19.01 2015
78 Hong Kong SAR, China 16.19 2015
79 Somalia 14.09 2015
80 Tuvalu 8.98 2015
81 Niger 8.53 2015

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation may not be aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of poor sanitation and hygiene. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffer as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: There are three main ways to meet the criteria for having a safely managed sanitation service (People should use improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households, and the excreta produced should either be: treated and disposed of in situ; stored temporality and then emptied, transported and treated off-site, or transported through a sewer with wastewater and then treated off-site). Many countries lack information on either wastewater treatment or the management of on-site sanitation. A national estimate is produced if information is available for the dominant type of sanitation system. If no information is available, it is assumed that 50 percent is safely managed. Regional and income group estimates are made when data are available for at least 30 percent of the population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on administrative sources, national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. WHO/UNICEF defines safely managed sanitation facilities as improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated offsite. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines: ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual