People practicing open defecation (% of population)

Definition: People practicing open defecation refers to the percentage of the population defecating in the open, such as in fields, forest, bushes, open bodies of water, on beaches, in other open spaces or disposed of with solid waste.

Description: The map below shows how People practicing open defecation (% of population) varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value. The country with the highest value in the world is Niger, with a value of 68.11. The country with the lowest value in the world is Slovenia, with a value of 0.00.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (

See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison

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Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual