Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution is the number of deaths attributable to the joint effects of household and ambient air pollution in a year per 100,000 population. The rates are age-standardized. Following diseases are taken into account: acute respiratory infections (estimated for all ages); cerebrovascular diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); ischaemic heart diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults (estimated above 25 years); and lung cancer in adults (estimated above 25 years).

Source: World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository (http://apps.who.int/ghodata/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 North Macedonia 103.00 2016
2 Moldova 102.00 2016
3 Bosnia and Herzegovina 101.00 2016
4 Ukraine 100.00 2016
5 Montenegro 98.00 2016
6 Belarus 94.00 2016
7 Albania 82.00 2016
7 Bulgaria 82.00 2016
7 Serbia 82.00 2016
10 Romania 79.00 2016
11 Turkey 69.00 2016
12 Latvia 60.00 2016
13 Hungary 53.00 2016
13 Poland 53.00 2016
15 Lithuania 51.00 2016
16 Croatia 48.00 2016
17 Slovak Republic 47.00 2016
18 Czech Republic 40.00 2016
19 Estonia 36.00 2016
19 Greece 36.00 2016
21 Slovenia 29.00 2016
22 Cyprus 28.00 2016
23 Malta 26.00 2016
24 Germany 21.00 2016
24 Belgium 21.00 2016
26 Italy 20.00 2016
27 Austria 19.00 2016
28 United Kingdom 17.00 2016
28 Netherlands 17.00 2016
30 Denmark 16.00 2016
31 Ireland 15.00 2016
31 Luxembourg 15.00 2016
33 Spain 14.00 2016
34 France 13.00 2016
34 Switzerland 13.00 2016
34 Portugal 13.00 2016
37 Iceland 11.00 2016
38 Norway 10.00 2016
38 Finland 10.00 2016
40 Sweden 9.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental risks to health. According to the World Health Organization, the combined effects of ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution cause about 7 million premature deaths every year. Most deaths occur due to increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections. The majority of the burden is borne by populations in low and middle income countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Estimates of the joint effects of air pollution are constrained by limited knowledge on the distribution of the population exposed to both household and ambient air pollution, correlation of exposures at individual level as household air pollution is a contributor to ambient air pollution, and non-linear interactions

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual