Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access) - Country Ranking

Definition: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Palau 100.00 2015
1 Malta 100.00 2015
1 Austria 100.00 2015
1 Greenland 100.00 2015
1 Saudi Arabia 100.00 2015
1 Singapore 100.00 2015
1 Korea 100.00 2015
1 Kuwait 100.00 2015
1 New Caledonia 100.00 2015
1 Australia 100.00 2015
1 Japan 100.00 2015
1 United States 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2015
1 Israel 100.00 2015
1 Monaco 100.00 2015
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2015
1 Cyprus 100.00 2015
18 Spain 99.90 2015
18 Switzerland 99.90 2015
20 Canada 99.80 2015
21 Portugal 99.70 2015
22 Denmark 99.60 2015
23 Belgium 99.50 2015
23 Italy 99.50 2015
25 Sweden 99.30 2015
25 Puerto Rico 99.30 2015
27 Germany 99.20 2015
27 Bahrain 99.20 2015
27 United Kingdom 99.20 2015
30 Slovenia 99.10 2015
30 Czech Republic 99.10 2015
30 Chile 99.10 2015
33 Greece 99.00 2015
34 Slovak Republic 98.80 2015
34 Iceland 98.80 2015
36 France 98.70 2015
37 Jordan 98.60 2015
38 Seychelles 98.40 2015
39 Norway 98.10 2015
40 Qatar 98.00 2015
40 Hungary 98.00 2015
40 Grenada 98.00 2015
43 Netherlands 97.70 2015
44 Luxembourg 97.60 2015
44 Finland 97.60 2015
44 United Arab Emirates 97.60 2015
47 Kazakhstan 97.50 2015
48 Estonia 97.20 2015
48 Poland 97.20 2015
50 Croatia 97.00 2015
51 Oman 96.70 2015
52 Libya 96.60 2015
53 Argentina 96.40 2015
53 Serbia 96.40 2015
53 Uruguay 96.40 2015
56 Barbados 96.20 2015
57 Malaysia 96.00 2015
58 Ukraine 95.90 2015
58 Montenegro 95.90 2015
60 Syrian Arab Republic 95.70 2015
61 Cayman Islands 95.60 2015
62 Sri Lanka 95.10 2015
63 Tajikistan 95.00 2015
64 Turkey 94.90 2015
65 Bosnia and Herzegovina 94.80 2015
66 Egypt 94.70 2015
67 Costa Rica 94.50 2015
68 Venezuela 94.40 2015
69 Belarus 94.30 2015
70 Kyrgyz Republic 93.30 2015
71 Albania 93.20 2015
71 Cuba 93.20 2015
73 Mauritius 93.10 2015
74 Thailand 93.00 2015
75 Lithuania 92.40 2015
76 The Bahamas 92.00 2015
77 Tunisia 91.60 2015
78 Samoa 91.50 2015
78 Trinidad and Tobago 91.50 2015
80 Antigua and Barbuda 91.40 2011
81 Fiji 91.10 2015
82 Tonga 91.00 2015
83 Macedonia 90.90 2015
84 St. Lucia 90.50 2015
84 Belize 90.50 2015
84 Ireland 90.50 2015
87 Iran 90.00 2015
88 Armenia 89.50 2015
89 Azerbaijan 89.30 2015
90 Paraguay 88.60 2015
91 Latvia 87.80 2015
92 Algeria 87.60 2015
93 St. Kitts and Nevis 87.30 2007
94 Georgia 86.30 2015
95 Bulgaria 86.00 2015
96 Iraq 85.60 2015
97 Mexico 85.20 2015
98 Ecuador 84.70 2015
99 Dominican Republic 84.00 2015
100 Guyana 83.70 2015
101 Tuvalu 83.30 2013
102 Brazil 82.80 2015
103 Honduras 82.60 2015
104 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 81.90 2015
105 Jamaica 81.80 2015
106 Dominica 81.10 2007
106 Colombia 81.10 2015
108 Lebanon 80.70 2015
109 Myanmar 79.60 2015
110 Suriname 79.20 2015
111 Romania 79.10 2015
112 Vietnam 78.00 2015
113 Morocco 76.70 2015
114 China 76.50 2015
115 Moldova 76.40 2015
116 Peru 76.20 2015
117 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.10 2007
118 Panama 75.00 2015
118 El Salvador 75.00 2015
120 Equatorial Guinea 74.50 2015
121 Philippines 73.90 2015
122 Russia 72.20 2015
122 Cabo Verde 72.20 2015
124 Lao PDR 70.90 2015
125 Nicaragua 67.90 2015
126 South Africa 66.40 2015
127 Nauru 65.60 2015
128 Guatemala 63.90 2015
129 Pakistan 63.50 2015
130 Botswana 63.40 2015
131 Turkmenistan 62.70 2006
132 Rwanda 61.60 2015
133 Indonesia 60.80 2015
134 Bangladesh 60.60 2015
135 Mongolia 59.70 2015
136 The Gambia 58.90 2015
137 Vanuatu 57.90 2015
138 Swaziland 57.50 2015
139 Yemen 53.30 2012
140 Angola 51.60 2015
141 Bhutan 50.40 2015
142 Bolivia 50.30 2015
143 Burundi 48.00 2015
144 Senegal 47.60 2015
145 Djibouti 47.40 2015
146 Nepal 45.80 2015
146 Cameroon 45.80 2015
148 Zambia 43.90 2015
149 Cambodia 42.40 2015
150 Gabon 41.90 2015
151 Malawi 41.00 2015
152 Timor-Leste 40.60 2015
153 Mauritania 40.00 2015
154 Kiribati 39.70 2015
155 India 39.60 2015
156 Zimbabwe 36.80 2015
157 Comoros 35.80 2015
158 São Tomé and Principe 34.70 2015
159 Namibia 34.40 2015
160 Afghanistan 31.90 2015
161 Lesotho 30.30 2015
162 Kenya 30.10 2015
163 Solomon Islands 29.80 2015
164 Nigeria 29.00 2015
165 Dem. Rep. Congo 28.70 2015
166 Ethiopia 28.00 2015
167 Haiti 27.60 2015
168 Mali 24.70 2015
169 Sudan 23.60 2014
170 Somalia 23.50 2011
171 Côte d'Ivoire 22.50 2015
172 Central African Republic 21.80 2015
173 Guinea-Bissau 20.80 2015
174 Mozambique 20.50 2015
175 Guinea 20.10 2015
176 Benin 19.70 2015
176 Burkina Faso 19.70 2015
178 Uganda 19.10 2015
179 Papua New Guinea 18.90 2015
180 Liberia 16.90 2015
181 Eritrea 15.70 2015
182 Tanzania 15.60 2015
183 Congo 15.00 2015
184 Ghana 14.90 2015
185 Sierra Leone 13.30 2015
186 Chad 12.10 2015
187 Madagascar 12.00 2015
188 Togo 11.60 2015
189 Niger 10.90 2015

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Improved sanitation can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation are rarely aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of their deficit. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffers as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: Please note that the data for this indicator have not been updated since 2015. The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation has introduced updated water and sanitation indicators. For the most recent data on access to sanitation facilities, please see the following indicators: People using safely managed sanitation services (% of population) (SH.STA.SMSS.ZS) and People using basic sanitation services (% of population) (SH.STA.BASS.ZS). The data are derived by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on access to sanitation are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for water and sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems. An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. Improved sanitation facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual