Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access) - Country Ranking

Definition: Access to improved sanitation facilities, urban, refers to the percentage of the urban population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Austria 100.00 2015
1 Chile 100.00 2015
1 New Caledonia 100.00 2015
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2015
1 Palau 100.00 2015
1 Singapore 100.00 2015
1 Saudi Arabia 100.00 2015
1 Greenland 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2015
1 Israel 100.00 2015
1 Monaco 100.00 2015
1 United States 100.00 2015
1 Korea 100.00 2015
1 Kuwait 100.00 2015
1 Australia 100.00 2015
1 Japan 100.00 2015
1 Malta 100.00 2015
1 Canada 100.00 2015
1 Cyprus 100.00 2015
20 Switzerland 99.90 2015
21 Spain 99.80 2015
22 Denmark 99.60 2015
22 Portugal 99.60 2015
24 Italy 99.50 2015
24 Belgium 99.50 2015
26 Slovak Republic 99.40 2015
26 Finland 99.40 2015
28 Germany 99.30 2015
28 Puerto Rico 99.30 2015
28 Sweden 99.30 2015
31 Greece 99.20 2015
31 Bahrain 99.20 2015
33 Czech Republic 99.10 2015
33 Slovenia 99.10 2015
33 United Kingdom 99.10 2015
36 Bosnia and Herzegovina 98.90 2015
37 Iceland 98.70 2015
38 France 98.60 2015
38 Jordan 98.60 2015
40 Seychelles 98.40 2015
41 Turkey 98.30 2015
42 Serbia 98.20 2015
43 Norway 98.00 2015
43 Qatar 98.00 2015
43 Montenegro 98.00 2015
43 United Arab Emirates 98.00 2015
47 Croatia 97.80 2015
47 Hungary 97.80 2015
49 Tonga 97.60 2015
50 Poland 97.50 2015
50 Netherlands 97.50 2015
50 Estonia 97.50 2015
50 Luxembourg 97.50 2015
50 Venezuela 97.50 2015
50 Grenada 97.50 2015
56 Tunisia 97.40 2015
56 Ukraine 97.40 2015
58 Oman 97.30 2015
59 Macedonia 97.20 2015
59 Lithuania 97.20 2015
61 Kazakhstan 97.00 2015
62 Libya 96.80 2015
62 Egypt 96.80 2015
64 Uruguay 96.60 2015
65 Armenia 96.20 2015
65 Syrian Arab Republic 96.20 2015
65 Argentina 96.20 2015
65 Barbados 96.20 2015
69 Malaysia 96.10 2015
70 Cayman Islands 95.60 2015
71 Albania 95.50 2015
71 Paraguay 95.50 2015
73 Georgia 95.20 2015
73 Costa Rica 95.20 2015
75 Lao PDR 94.50 2015
76 Cuba 94.40 2015
76 Vietnam 94.40 2015
78 Belarus 94.10 2015
79 Mauritius 93.90 2015
80 Tajikistan 93.80 2015
81 Belize 93.50 2015
82 Fiji 93.40 2015
83 Samoa 93.30 2015
84 Iran 92.80 2015
85 Yemen 92.50 2012
86 Romania 92.20 2015
87 The Bahamas 92.00 2015
88 Azerbaijan 91.60 2015
89 Trinidad and Tobago 91.50 2015
90 Antigua and Barbuda 91.40 2011
91 Latvia 90.80 2015
92 Thailand 89.90 2015
93 Algeria 89.80 2015
94 Ireland 89.10 2015
94 Kyrgyz Republic 89.10 2015
96 Angola 88.60 2015
97 Suriname 88.40 2015
98 Cambodia 88.10 2015
98 Sri Lanka 88.10 2015
100 Mexico 88.00 2015
100 Brazil 88.00 2015
102 Guyana 87.90 2015
102 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 87.90 2015
104 Moldova 87.80 2015
105 St. Kitts and Nevis 87.30 2007
106 Ecuador 87.00 2015
107 Bulgaria 86.80 2015
108 Honduras 86.70 2015
109 China 86.60 2015
110 Iraq 86.40 2015
111 Tuvalu 86.30 2015
112 Dominican Republic 86.20 2015
113 Colombia 85.20 2015
114 St. Lucia 84.70 2015
115 Myanmar 84.30 2015
116 Morocco 84.10 2015
117 Panama 83.50 2015
118 Pakistan 83.10 2015
119 Peru 82.50 2015
120 El Salvador 82.40 2015
121 Cabo Verde 81.60 2015
122 Solomon Islands 81.40 2015
123 Lebanon 80.70 2015
124 Equatorial Guinea 79.90 2015
124 Jamaica 79.90 2015
126 Dominica 79.60 2007
127 Botswana 78.50 2015
128 Bhutan 77.90 2015
128 Philippines 77.90 2015
130 Guatemala 77.50 2015
131 Russia 77.00 2015
131 Turkmenistan 77.00 2006
133 Nicaragua 76.50 2015
134 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.10 2007
135 Indonesia 72.30 2015
136 South Africa 69.60 2015
137 Timor-Leste 69.00 2015
138 Mongolia 66.40 2015
139 Nauru 65.60 2015
140 Senegal 65.40 2015
141 Vanuatu 65.10 2015
142 Swaziland 63.10 2015
143 India 62.60 2015
144 Cameroon 61.80 2015
145 The Gambia 61.50 2015
146 Bolivia 60.80 2015
147 Djibouti 59.80 2015
148 Rwanda 58.50 2015
149 Bangladesh 57.70 2015
150 Mauritania 57.50 2015
151 Papua New Guinea 56.40 2015
152 Nepal 56.00 2015
153 Zambia 55.60 2015
154 Namibia 54.50 2015
155 Somalia 52.00 2011
156 Kiribati 51.20 2015
157 Burkina Faso 50.40 2015
158 Zimbabwe 49.30 2015
159 Comoros 48.30 2015
160 Malawi 47.30 2015
161 Afghanistan 45.10 2015
162 Eritrea 44.50 2015
163 Sudan 43.90 2014
164 Burundi 43.80 2015
165 Central African Republic 43.60 2015
166 Gabon 43.40 2015
167 Mozambique 42.40 2015
168 São Tomé and Principe 40.80 2015
169 Niger 37.90 2015
170 Mali 37.50 2015
171 Lesotho 37.30 2015
172 Benin 35.60 2015
173 Guinea 34.10 2015
174 Haiti 33.60 2015
175 Guinea-Bissau 33.50 2015
176 Côte d'Ivoire 32.80 2015
176 Nigeria 32.80 2015
178 Chad 31.40 2015
179 Tanzania 31.30 2015
180 Kenya 31.20 2015
181 Dem. Rep. Congo 28.50 2015
181 Uganda 28.50 2015
183 Liberia 28.00 2015
184 Ethiopia 27.20 2015
185 Togo 24.70 2015
186 Sierra Leone 22.80 2015
187 Ghana 20.20 2015
188 Congo 20.00 2015
189 Madagascar 18.00 2015

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Improved sanitation can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation are rarely aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of their deficit. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffers as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: Please note that the data for this indicator have not been updated since 2015. The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation has introduced updated water and sanitation indicators. For the most recent data on access to sanitation facilities in urban areas, please see the following indicators: People using safely managed sanitation services, urban (% of urban population)( SH.STA.SMSS.UR.ZS) and People using basic sanitation services, urban (% of urban population) (SH.STA.BASS.UR.ZS). The data are derived by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on access to sanitation are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for water and sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems. An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. Improved sanitation facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual