Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access) - Country Ranking

Definition: Access to improved sanitation facilities, rural, refers to the percentage of the rural population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Austria 100.00 2015
1 Malta 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2015
1 Israel 100.00 2015
1 New Caledonia 100.00 2015
1 Australia 100.00 2015
1 Spain 100.00 2015
1 Japan 100.00 2015
1 Cyprus 100.00 2015
1 Greenland 100.00 2015
1 United States 100.00 2015
1 Korea 100.00 2015
1 Kuwait 100.00 2015
1 Iceland 100.00 2015
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2015
1 Palau 100.00 2015
1 Saudi Arabia 100.00 2015
18 Netherlands 99.90 2015
19 Portugal 99.80 2015
19 Switzerland 99.80 2015
21 United Kingdom 99.60 2015
21 Italy 99.60 2015
21 Sweden 99.60 2015
21 Denmark 99.60 2015
25 Belgium 99.40 2015
26 Puerto Rico 99.30 2015
27 Bahrain 99.20 2015
27 Czech Republic 99.20 2015
29 Slovenia 99.10 2015
30 Germany 99.00 2015
30 Canada 99.00 2015
32 Jordan 98.90 2015
32 France 98.90 2015
34 Hungary 98.60 2015
35 Luxembourg 98.50 2015
36 Seychelles 98.40 2015
37 Grenada 98.30 2015
37 Norway 98.30 2015
37 Argentina 98.30 2015
40 Slovak Republic 98.20 2015
41 Greece 98.10 2015
41 Kazakhstan 98.10 2015
43 Qatar 98.00 2015
44 Sri Lanka 96.70 2015
44 Poland 96.70 2015
46 Estonia 96.60 2015
47 Barbados 96.20 2015
48 Thailand 96.10 2015
49 Malaysia 95.90 2015
50 Croatia 95.80 2015
51 Libya 95.70 2015
52 Kyrgyz Republic 95.60 2015
53 Tajikistan 95.50 2015
54 Belarus 95.20 2015
54 United Arab Emirates 95.20 2015
56 Syrian Arab Republic 95.10 2015
57 Oman 94.70 2015
58 Serbia 94.20 2015
59 Egypt 93.10 2015
60 Ireland 92.90 2015
61 Ukraine 92.60 2015
61 Mauritius 92.60 2015
61 Uruguay 92.60 2015
64 Costa Rica 92.30 2015
65 Montenegro 92.20 2015
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.00 2015
66 The Bahamas 92.00 2015
68 St. Lucia 91.90 2015
69 Trinidad and Tobago 91.50 2015
70 Antigua and Barbuda 91.40 2011
71 Samoa 91.10 2015
72 Chile 90.90 2015
73 Albania 90.20 2015
74 Cuba 89.10 2015
75 Tonga 89.00 2015
76 Fiji 88.40 2015
77 Belize 88.20 2015
78 Finland 88.00 2015
78 New Zealand 88.00 1996
80 St. Kitts and Nevis 87.30 2007
81 Azerbaijan 86.60 2015
82 Turkey 85.50 2015
83 Dominica 84.30 2007
84 Jamaica 84.10 2015
85 Iraq 83.80 2015
86 Bulgaria 83.70 2015
87 Lithuania 82.80 2015
88 Macedonia 82.60 2015
89 Iran 82.30 2015
90 Algeria 82.20 2015
91 Guyana 82.00 2015
92 Latvia 81.50 2015
93 Lebanon 80.70 2015
93 Ecuador 80.70 2015
95 Tuvalu 80.20 2013
96 Tunisia 79.80 2015
97 Paraguay 78.40 2015
98 Armenia 78.20 2015
99 Honduras 77.70 2015
100 Myanmar 77.10 2015
101 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.10 2007
102 Georgia 75.90 2015
103 Dominican Republic 75.70 2015
104 Mexico 74.50 2015
105 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 72.50 2015
106 Equatorial Guinea 71.00 2015
107 Philippines 70.80 2015
108 Venezuela 69.90 2015
109 Vietnam 69.70 2015
110 Colombia 67.90 2015
111 Moldova 67.10 2015
112 Morocco 65.50 2015
113 China 63.70 2015
114 Romania 63.30 2015
115 Rwanda 62.90 2015
116 Bangladesh 62.10 2015
117 Suriname 61.40 2015
118 South Africa 60.50 2015
119 El Salvador 60.00 2015
120 Russia 58.70 2015
121 Panama 58.00 2015
122 Swaziland 56.00 2015
122 Lao PDR 56.00 2015
124 Nicaragua 55.70 2015
125 Vanuatu 55.40 2015
126 The Gambia 55.00 2015
127 Cabo Verde 54.30 2015
128 Peru 53.20 2015
129 Brazil 51.50 2015
130 Pakistan 51.10 2015
131 Turkmenistan 49.90 2006
132 Guatemala 49.30 2015
133 Burundi 48.60 2015
134 Indonesia 47.50 2015
135 Nepal 43.50 2015
136 Botswana 43.10 2015
137 Mongolia 42.60 2015
138 Malawi 39.80 2015
139 Zambia 35.70 2015
140 Yemen 34.10 2012
141 Senegal 33.80 2015
142 Bhutan 33.10 2015
143 Gabon 31.50 2015
144 Comoros 30.90 2015
145 Zimbabwe 30.80 2015
146 Kiribati 30.60 2015
147 Cambodia 30.50 2015
148 Kenya 29.70 2015
149 Dem. Rep. Congo 28.70 2015
150 India 28.50 2015
151 Ethiopia 28.20 2015
152 Lesotho 27.60 2015
153 Bolivia 27.50 2015
154 Afghanistan 27.00 2015
155 Cameroon 26.80 2015
155 Timor-Leste 26.80 2015
157 Nigeria 25.40 2015
158 São Tomé and Principe 23.30 2015
159 Angola 22.50 2015
160 Haiti 19.20 2015
161 Uganda 17.30 2015
162 Namibia 16.80 2015
163 Mali 16.10 2015
164 Solomon Islands 15.00 2015
165 Mauritania 13.80 2015
166 Sudan 13.40 2014
167 Papua New Guinea 13.30 2015
168 Guinea 11.80 2015
169 Côte d'Ivoire 10.30 2015
170 Mozambique 10.10 2015
171 Madagascar 8.70 2015
172 Ghana 8.60 2015
173 Guinea-Bissau 8.50 2015
174 Tanzania 8.30 2015
175 Eritrea 7.30 2015
175 Benin 7.30 2015
177 Central African Republic 7.20 2015
178 Sierra Leone 6.90 2015
179 Burkina Faso 6.70 2015
180 Chad 6.50 2015
181 Somalia 6.30 2011
182 Liberia 5.90 2015
183 Congo 5.60 2015
184 Djibouti 5.10 2015
185 Niger 4.60 2015
186 Togo 2.90 2015

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Improved sanitation can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation are rarely aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of their deficit. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffers as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: Please note that the data for this indicator have not been updated since 2015. The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation has introduced updated water and sanitation indicators. For the most recent data on access to sanitation facilities in rural areas, please see the following indicators: People using safely managed sanitation services, rural (% of rural population) (SH.STA.SMSS.RU.ZS) and People using basic sanitation services, rural (% of rural population) (SH.STA.BASS.RU.ZS). The data are derived by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on access to sanitation are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. The coverage rates for water and sanitation are based on information from service users on the facilities their households actually use rather than on information from service providers, which may include nonfunctioning systems. An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. Improved sanitation facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual