Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.

Source: UNAIDS estimates.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Ukraine 1.00 2018
2 Estonia 0.90 2018
3 Moldova 0.60 2018
4 Portugal 0.50 2018
4 Belarus 0.50 2018
6 Latvia 0.40 2018
7 Spain 0.30 2018
7 France 0.30 2018
7 Italy 0.30 2018
7 Luxembourg 0.30 2018
11 Ireland 0.20 2018
11 United Kingdom 0.20 2017
11 Netherlands 0.20 2017
14 Norway 0.10 2018
14 North Macedonia 0.10 2018
14 Montenegro 0.10 2018
14 Romania 0.10 2018
14 Serbia 0.10 2018
14 Slovak Republic 0.10 2018
14 Slovenia 0.10 2018
14 Croatia 0.10 2018
14 Hungary 0.10 2018
14 Iceland 0.10 2018
14 Czech Republic 0.10 2018
14 Germany 0.10 2018
14 Denmark 0.10 2018
14 Finland 0.10 2018
14 Bulgaria 0.10 2018
14 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.10 2018

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Limitations and Exceptions: The limited availability of data on health status is a major constraint in assessing the health situation in developing countries. Surveillance data are lacking for many major public health concerns. Estimates of prevalence and incidence are available for some diseases but are often unreliable and incomplete. National health authorities differ widely in capacity and willingness to collect or report information.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: HIV prevalence rates reflect the rate of HIV infection in each country's population. Low national prevalence rates can be misleading, however. They often disguise epidemics that are initially concentrated in certain localities or population groups and threaten to spill over into the wider population. In many developing countries most new infections occur in young adults, with young women especially vulnerable. Data on HIV are from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Changes in procedures and assumptions for estimating the data and better coordination with countries have resulted in improved estimates of HIV and AIDS. The models, which are routinely updated, track the course of HIV epidemics and their impact, making full use of information in HIV prevalence trends from surveillance data as well as survey data. The models take into account reduced infectivity among people receiving antiretroviral therapy (which is having a larger impact on HIV prevalence and allowing HIV-positive people to live longer) and allow for changes in urbanization over time in generalized epidemics. The estimates include plausibility bounds, which reflect the certainty associated with each of the estimates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual