Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%) - Country Ranking

Definition: Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber held by women.

Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) (www.ipu.org).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Rwanda 61.25 2019
2 Cuba 53.22 2019
3 Bolivia 53.08 2019
4 Andorra 50.00 2019
5 Mexico 48.20 2019
6 Spain 47.43 2019
7 Sweden 47.28 2019
8 Finland 47.00 2019
9 Grenada 46.67 2019
10 Namibia 46.15 2019
11 South Africa 45.71 2019
12 Costa Rica 45.61 2019
13 Nicaragua 44.57 2019
14 Belgium 42.00 2019
15 Senegal 41.82 2019
16 New Zealand 40.83 2019
16 Norway 40.83 2019
18 France 39.69 2019
19 Mozambique 39.60 2019
20 Austria 39.34 2019
21 North Macedonia 39.17 2019
22 Denmark 39.11 2019
23 Argentina 38.91 2019
24 Ethiopia 38.76 2019
25 Timor-Leste 38.46 2019
26 Iceland 38.10 2019
27 Ecuador 37.96 2019
28 Serbia 37.65 2019
29 Tanzania 36.90 2019
30 Burundi 36.36 2019
31 Tunisia 35.94 2019
32 Italy 35.71 2019
33 Portugal 35.65 2019
34 Uganda 34.86 2019
35 Belarus 34.55 2019
36 Monaco 33.33 2019
37 Nepal 32.73 2019
38 Switzerland 32.50 2019
39 United Kingdom 32.00 2019
40 Guyana 31.88 2019
41 Zimbabwe 31.85 2019
42 Netherlands 31.33 2019
43 Cameroon 31.11 2019
44 Trinidad and Tobago 30.95 2019
44 El Salvador 30.95 2019
46 Germany 30.89 2019
47 Sudan 30.50 2018
48 Australia 30.46 2019
49 Angola 30.00 2019
49 Peru 30.00 2019
49 Latvia 30.00 2019
52 Estonia 29.70 2019
53 Albania 29.51 2019
54 Suriname 29.41 2019
55 Poland 29.13 2019
56 Philippines 27.96 2019
57 Afghanistan 27.87 2019
58 Slovenia 27.78 2019
59 Lao PDR 27.52 2019
60 Kazakhstan 27.10 2019
61 Canada 26.95 2019
62 Dominican Republic 26.84 2019
63 Vietnam 26.72 2019
64 Djibouti 26.15 2019
65 Bulgaria 25.83 2019
66 Algeria 25.76 2019
67 Moldova 25.74 2019
68 Iraq 25.23 2019
69 Dominica 25.00 2019
69 Luxembourg 25.00 2019
69 Turkmenistan 25.00 2019
69 San Marino 25.00 2019
73 China 24.94 2019
74 Somalia 24.36 2019
75 Armenia 24.24 2019
76 Cabo Verde 23.61 2019
77 United States 23.50 2019
78 Montenegro 23.46 2019
79 Israel 23.33 2019
79 Lesotho 23.33 2019
81 Singapore 23.00 2019
82 Malawi 22.92 2019
83 Guinea 22.81 2019
84 Chile 22.58 2019
85 Czech Republic 22.50 2019
85 United Arab Emirates 22.50 2019
87 Uruguay 22.22 2019
88 Venezuela 22.16 2019
89 Ireland 22.15 2019
90 Eritrea 22.00 2019
91 Kenya 21.78 2019
92 Bosnia and Herzegovina 21.43 2019
93 Lithuania 21.28 2019
94 Seychelles 21.21 2019
95 Panama 21.13 2019
96 Honduras 21.09 2019
97 Equatorial Guinea 21.00 2019
98 Greece 20.67 2019
98 Romania 20.67 2019
100 Bangladesh 20.63 2019
101 Croatia 20.53 2019
102 Ukraine 20.52 2019
103 Morocco 20.51 2019
104 Mauritania 20.26 2019
105 Pakistan 20.23 2019
106 Slovak Republic 20.00 2019
106 Barbados 20.00 2019
106 Cambodia 20.00 2019
109 Saudi Arabia 19.87 2019
110 Fiji 19.61 2019
111 Guatemala 19.38 2019
112 Kyrgyz Republic 19.17 2019
113 Tajikistan 19.05 2019
114 Colombia 18.71 2019
115 Zambia 17.96 2019
116 Gabon 17.91 2019
117 Cyprus 17.86 2019
118 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 17.61 2019
119 Jamaica 17.46 2019
120 Turkey 17.45 2019
121 Indonesia 17.39 2019
122 Mongolia 17.11 2019
123 Niger 16.96 2019
124 Azerbaijan 16.81 2019
125 St. Lucia 16.67 2019
125 Korea 16.67 2019
127 Togo 16.48 2019
128 Thailand 16.20 2019
129 Uzbekistan 16.00 2019
130 Libya 15.96 2019
131 Madagascar 15.89 2019
132 Russia 15.78 2019
133 Jordan 15.38 2019
134 Brazil 15.01 2019
135 Paraguay 15.00 2019
135 Bahrain 15.00 2019
137 Malta 14.93 2019
137 Egypt 14.93 2019
139 Bhutan 14.89 2019
140 Chad 14.88 2019
141 Georgia 14.77 2019
142 São Tomé and Principe 14.55 2019
143 Malaysia 14.41 2019
144 India 14.39 2019
145 Guinea-Bissau 13.73 2019
146 Burkina Faso 13.39 2019
147 St. Kitts and Nevis 13.33 2019
148 Syrian Arab Republic 13.20 2019
149 Ghana 13.09 2019
150 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13.04 2019
151 The Bahamas 12.82 2019
152 Hungary 12.56 2019
153 Palau 12.50 2019
154 Sierra Leone 12.33 2019
154 Liberia 12.33 2019
156 Liechtenstein 12.00 2019
157 Mauritius 11.59 2019
158 Myanmar 11.32 2019
159 Congo 11.26 2019
160 Antigua and Barbuda 11.11 2019
161 Côte d'Ivoire 10.98 2019
162 Nauru 10.53 2019
163 The Gambia 10.34 2019
164 Japan 10.11 2019
165 Samoa 10.00 2019
165 Dem. Rep. Congo 10.00 2019
167 Qatar 9.76 2019
168 Mali 9.52 2019
168 Botswana 9.52 2019
170 Belize 9.38 2019
171 Brunei 9.09 2019
172 Central African Republic 8.57 2019
173 Tonga 7.41 2019
174 Eswatini 7.25 2019
175 Benin 7.23 2019
176 Kiribati 6.52 2019
177 Tuvalu 6.25 2019
178 Comoros 6.06 2019
179 Iran 5.88 2019
180 Sri Lanka 5.33 2019
181 Lebanon 4.69 2019
182 Kuwait 4.62 2019
183 Solomon Islands 4.08 2019
184 Nigeria 3.38 2019
185 Haiti 2.54 2019
186 Oman 1.18 2019
187 Yemen 0.33 2019
188 Papua New Guinea 0.00 2019
188 Vanuatu 0.00 2019

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Despite much progress in recent decades, gender inequalities remain pervasive in many dimensions of life - worldwide. But while disparities exist throughout the world, they are most prevalent in developing countries. Gender inequalities in the allocation of such resources as education, health care, nutrition, and political voice matter because of the strong association with well-being, productivity, and economic growth. These patterns of inequality begin at an early age, with boys routinely receiving a larger share of education and health spending than do girls, for example. Women are vastly underrepresented in decision-making positions in government, although there is some evidence of recent improvement. Gender parity in parliamentary representation is still far from being realized. Without representation at this level, it is difficult for women to influence policy. A strong and vibrant democracy is possible only when parliament is fully inclusive of the population it represents. Parliaments cannot consider themselves inclusive, however, until they can boast the full participation of women. This is not just about women's right to equality and their contribution to the conduct of public affairs, but also about using women's resources and potential to determine political and development priorities that benefit societies and the global community.

Limitations and Exceptions: The number of countries covered varies with suspensions or dissolutions of parliaments. There can be difficulties in obtaining information on by-election results and replacements due to death or resignation. These changes are ad hoc events which are more difficult to keep track of. By-elections, for instance, are often not announced internationally as general elections are. Parliaments vary considerably in their internal workings and procedures, however, generally legislate, oversee government and represent the electorate. In terms of measuring women's contribution to political decision making, this indicator may not be sufficient because some women may face obstacles in fully and efficiently carrying out their parliamentary mandate. The data is compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the basis of information provided by National Parliaments. The percentages do not take into account the case of parliaments for which no data was available at that date. Information is available in all countries where a national legislature exists and therefore does not include parliaments that have been dissolved or suspended for an indefinite period.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments is the number of seats held by women members in single or lower chambers of national parliaments, expressed as a percentage of all occupied seats; it is derived by dividing the total number of seats occupied by women by the total number of seats in parliament. National parliaments can be bicameral or unicameral. This indicator covers the single chamber in unicameral parliaments and the lower chamber in bicameral parliaments. It does not cover the upper chamber of bicameral parliaments. Seats are usually won by members in general parliamentary elections. Seats may also be filled by nomination, appointment, indirect election, rotation of members and by-election. Seats refer to the number of parliamentary mandates, or the number of members of parliament.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: General cut off date is end-December. Relevance to gender indicator: Women are vastly underrepresented in decision making positions in government, although there is some evidence of recent improvement. Gender parity in parliamentary representation is stil