School enrollment, secondary (% net) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mauritius 83.88 2015
2 Egypt 81.86 2014
3 Seychelles 78.35 2015
4 Cabo Verde 70.36 2015
5 South Africa 67.31 2005
6 São Tomé and Principe 67.16 2015
7 Morocco 56.14 2012
8 Botswana 55.50 2003
9 Ghana 54.23 2016
10 Namibia 51.30 2007
11 Kenya 50.49 2009
12 Benin 44.97 2015
13 Cameroon 44.29 2015
14 Zimbabwe 44.24 2013
15 Comoros 43.93 2013
16 Lesotho 37.10 2015
17 Malawi 36.66 2015
18 Swaziland 36.21 2014
19 Guinea 31.79 2014
20 Madagascar 31.08 2014
21 Mali 31.06 2015
22 Ethiopia 31.02 2015
23 Burundi 27.68 2015
24 Rwanda 27.24 2015
25 Burkina Faso 26.49 2015
26 Djibouti 25.38 2008
27 Eritrea 25.22 2015
28 Mauritania 24.33 2015
29 Togo 23.53 2000
30 Uganda 22.22 2008
31 Equatorial Guinea 21.38 2005
32 Senegal 20.43 2006
33 Mozambique 18.63 2015
34 Niger 17.18 2015
35 Central African Republic 13.60 2012
36 Angola 12.38 2010
37 Chad 10.54 2003
38 Guinea-Bissau 8.13 2000

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Net enrollment rate for secondary school is calculated by dividing the number of students of official school age enrolled in secondary education by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to secondary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual