School enrollment, secondary, male (% net) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mauritius 81.44 2015
2 Egypt 81.30 2014
3 Seychelles 76.29 2015
4 Cabo Verde 66.27 2015
5 São Tomé and Principe 63.66 2015
6 South Africa 63.27 2005
7 Morocco 59.04 2012
8 Ghana 54.22 2016
9 Kenya 52.00 2009
10 Benin 51.80 2015
11 Botswana 51.67 2003
12 Cameroon 47.15 2015
13 Namibia 45.08 2007
14 Zimbabwe 43.99 2013
15 Comoros 42.46 2013
16 Guinea 38.17 2014
17 Malawi 37.34 2015
18 Mali 34.25 2015
19 Togo 31.76 2000
20 Swaziland 31.74 2014
21 Ethiopia 31.56 2015
22 Madagascar 30.53 2014
23 Djibouti 29.41 2008
24 Lesotho 29.07 2015
25 Burkina Faso 27.12 2015
26 Burundi 26.96 2015
27 Eritrea 26.80 2015
28 Rwanda 25.19 2015
29 Mauritania 25.10 2015
30 Equatorial Guinea 24.18 2005
31 Uganda 23.17 2008
32 Senegal 23.06 2006
33 Niger 20.41 2015
34 Mozambique 18.45 2015
35 Central African Republic 17.93 2012
36 Chad 15.74 2003
37 Angola 13.66 2010
38 Guinea-Bissau 10.43 2000

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Net enrollment rate for secondary school is calculated by dividing the number of students of official school age enrolled in secondary education by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to secondary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual