Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Puerto Rico 47.30 2018
2 Oman 38.20 2018
3 Ireland 32.39 2018
4 China 29.41 2018
5 Eswatini 28.85 2018
6 Korea 27.23 2018
7 Algeria 27.18 2018
8 Thailand 26.92 2018
9 Equatorial Guinea 24.81 2018
10 Myanmar 23.85 2017
11 Czech Republic 23.06 2018
12 Malaysia 21.56 2018
13 Belarus 21.47 2018
14 Singapore 20.82 2018
15 Japan 20.73 2017
16 Turkmenistan 20.46 2004
17 Slovenia 20.43 2018
18 Germany 20.40 2018
19 Romania 19.88 2018
20 Indonesia 19.86 2018
21 Slovak Republic 19.68 2018
22 Paraguay 19.57 2018
23 Gabon 19.08 2018
24 Philippines 19.05 2018
25 Turkey 19.05 2018
26 Jordan 19.01 2018
27 Trinidad and Tobago 18.87 2018
28 Senegal 18.71 2018
29 Hungary 18.64 2018
30 Cameroon 18.56 2018
31 Switzerland 18.20 2018
32 Central African Republic 18.13 2018
33 Dem. Rep. Congo 18.11 2018
34 Bangladesh 17.96 2018
35 Guatemala 17.85 2018
36 Bahrain 17.65 2018
37 Mexico 17.32 2018
38 Austria 16.93 2018
39 Honduras 16.76 2018
40 Poland 16.74 2018
41 Lithuania 16.52 2018
42 Cambodia 16.35 2018
43 Uzbekistan 16.34 2018
44 Egypt 16.28 2018
45 Sri Lanka 16.22 2018
46 El Salvador 16.18 2018
47 Vietnam 16.00 2018
48 Morocco 15.70 2018
49 Suriname 15.28 2018
50 Kyrgyz Republic 15.16 2018
51 Finland 15.11 2018
52 Italy 15.05 2018
53 India 14.82 2018
54 Serbia 14.51 2018
55 Bulgaria 14.37 2018
56 Tunisia 14.27 2018
57 Nicaragua 14.22 2018
58 Ecuador 14.16 2018
59 Dominican Republic 14.14 2018
60 Brunei 14.07 2018
61 Lesotho 14.01 2018
62 Sweden 13.33 2018
63 Estonia 13.23 2018
64 Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.21 2018
65 Cuba 13.05 2018
66 Denmark 13.00 2018
67 Peru 12.94 2018
68 North Macedonia 12.85 2018
69 Saudi Arabia 12.81 2018
70 Côte d'Ivoire 12.77 2018
71 Argentina 12.69 2018
72 Croatia 12.34 2018
73 Russia 12.31 2018
74 Benin 12.29 2018
75 Belgium 12.29 2018
76 Pakistan 12.18 2018
77 Portugal 12.16 2018
78 Venezuela 12.07 2014
79 Iran 11.99 2017
80 Israel 11.96 2018
81 Costa Rica 11.86 2018
82 South Africa 11.76 2018
83 Uruguay 11.65 2018
84 Ukraine 11.52 2018
85 Kazakhstan 11.43 2018
86 Mauritius 11.36 2018
87 Armenia 11.31 2018
88 Moldova 11.27 2018
89 Spain 11.23 2018
90 Colombia 11.22 2018
91 United States 11.15 2017
92 Netherlands 11.11 2018
93 Afghanistan 11.10 2017
94 Chile 10.65 2018
95 Guinea 10.57 2018
96 Tajikistan 10.50 2018
97 Ghana 10.46 2018
98 Guinea-Bissau 10.45 2018
99 Fiji 10.42 2018
100 Latvia 10.35 2018
101 Bolivia 10.34 2018
102 Canada 10.34 2015
103 Namibia 10.11 2018
104 Madagascar 10.10 2018
105 New Zealand 10.00 2016
106 France 9.71 2018
107 Brazil 9.66 2018
108 Nigeria 9.65 2018
109 Greece 9.60 2018
110 Mongolia 9.46 2018
111 Iceland 9.39 2016
112 Malawi 9.37 2017
113 Burundi 9.36 2016
114 Qatar 9.20 2018
115 United Arab Emirates 8.92 2018
116 United Kingdom 8.84 2018
117 Georgia 8.83 2018
118 Mozambique 8.81 2018
119 Yemen 8.56 2014
120 Zambia 8.48 2018
121 Uganda 8.27 2018
122 Zimbabwe 8.18 2018
123 Lebanon 7.76 2018
124 Kenya 7.74 2018
125 Jamaica 7.67 2018
126 Syrian Arab Republic 7.66 2002
127 Tanzania 7.66 2017
128 Lao PDR 7.45 2018
129 São Tomé and Principe 7.44 2018
130 Mauritania 7.41 2018
131 Bhutan 7.25 2017
132 Malta 7.24 2018
133 Kuwait 6.84 2018
134 Cabo Verde 6.71 2018
135 Haiti 6.60 2012
136 Angola 6.58 2017
137 Togo 6.58 2018
138 Congo 6.52 2017
139 Seychelles 6.43 2018
140 Samoa 6.29 2018
141 Tonga 6.21 2016
142 Albania 6.20 2018
143 Sudan 6.06 2011
144 Norway 5.90 2018
145 Barbados 5.83 2010
146 Ethiopia 5.82 2018
147 Panama 5.78 2018
148 Australia 5.78 2018
149 St. Kitts and Nevis 5.76 2018
150 Belize 5.57 2018
151 Eritrea 5.49 2009
152 Niger 5.47 2018
153 Botswana 5.16 2018
154 Luxembourg 5.14 2018
155 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.01 2018
156 Guyana 5.00 2018
157 Nepal 4.99 2018
158 Burkina Faso 4.86 2018
159 Cyprus 4.85 2018
160 Azerbaijan 4.82 2018
161 Libya 4.45 2008
162 Greenland 4.45 2018
163 Somalia 4.43 1990
164 The Gambia 4.42 2018
165 Kiribati 4.34 2017
166 Mali 4.06 1979
167 Montenegro 3.98 2018
168 New Caledonia 3.96 1997
169 Vanuatu 3.49 2015
170 Djibouti 3.42 2018
171 Grenada 3.15 2018
172 Andorra 3.13 2017
173 Chad 2.96 2016
174 The Bahamas 2.95 2018
175 St. Lucia 2.56 2018
176 Rwanda 2.49 2018
177 Antigua and Barbuda 2.46 2018
178 Dominica 2.16 2018
179 Sierra Leone 2.10 2018
180 Iraq 2.05 2016
181 Papua New Guinea 1.95 2017
182 Liberia 1.75 2018
183 Tuvalu 1.04 2011
184 Palau 1.01 2018
185 Timor-Leste 1.00 2017
186 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.98 2018
187 Cayman Islands 0.85 2017
188 Macao SAR, China 0.54 2018
189 Nauru 0.00 2015

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Limitations and Exceptions: Ideally, industrial output should be measured through regular censuses and surveys of firms. But in most developing countries such surveys are infrequent, so earlier survey results must be extrapolated using an appropriate indicator. The choice of sampling unit, which may be the enterprise (where responses may be based on financial records) or the establishment (where production units may be recorded separately), also affects the quality of the data. Moreover, much industrial production is organized in unincorporated or owner-operated ventures that are not captured by surveys aimed at the formal sector. Even in large industries, where regular surveys are more likely, evasion of excise and other taxes and nondisclosure of income lower the estimates of value added. Such problems become more acute as countries move from state control of industry to private enterprise, because new firms and growing numbers of established firms fail to report. In accordance with the System of National Accounts, output should include all such unreported activity as well as the value of illegal activities and other unrecorded, informal, or small-scale operations. Data on these activities need to be collected using techniques other than conventional surveys of firms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the sum of value added by all its producers. Value added is the value of the gross output of producers less the value of intermediate goods and services consumed in production, before accounting for consumption of fixed capital in production. The United Nations System of National Accounts calls for value added to be valued at either basic prices (excluding net taxes on products) or producer prices (including net taxes on products paid by producers but excluding sales or value added taxes). Both valuations exclude transport charges that are invoiced separately by producers. Total GDP is measured at purchaser prices. Value added by industry is normally measured at basic prices.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Note: Data for OECD countries are based on ISIC, revision 4.