Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Puerto Rico 46.75 2013
2 Guyana 43.38 2016
3 Ireland 34.69 2016
4 Swaziland 33.23 2016
5 China 29.38 2015
6 Korea 29.34 2016
7 Thailand 27.42 2016
8 Czech Republic 27.08 2016
9 Hungary 23.54 2016
10 Slovenia 23.24 2016
11 Germany 22.91 2016
12 Myanmar 22.79 2016
13 Belarus 22.75 2016
14 Slovak Republic 22.62 2016
15 Malaysia 22.27 2016
16 Turkmenistan 21.67 2004
17 Romania 21.44 2016
18 Indonesia 21.27 2016
19 El Salvador 20.66 2016
20 Japan 20.55 2015
21 Poland 20.42 2016
22 Philippines 19.65 2016
23 Singapore 19.62 2016
24 Guatemala 19.37 2016
25 Dem. Rep. Congo 19.32 2016
26 Mexico 19.11 2016
27 Serbia 18.97 2016
28 Lithuania 18.97 2016
29 Turkey 18.83 2016
30 Honduras 18.83 2016
31 Switzerland 18.36 2016
32 Bahrain 18.28 2016
33 Austria 18.20 2016
34 Jordan 18.17 2016
35 Bangladesh 17.91 2016
36 Morocco 17.91 2016
37 Lesotho 17.35 2016
38 Cambodia 17.24 2016
39 Egypt 17.07 2016
40 Sri Lanka 16.94 2016
41 Finland 16.91 2016
42 Tunisia 16.67 2016
43 Kyrgyz Republic 16.64 2016
44 Bulgaria 16.64 2016
45 India 16.51 2016
46 Argentina 16.43 2016
47 Italy 16.27 2016
48 Ecuador 15.87 2016
49 Vietnam 15.86 2016
50 Estonia 15.75 2016
51 Denmark 15.32 2016
52 Macedonia 15.32 2016
53 Sweden 15.28 2016
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.00 2016
55 Nicaragua 14.98 2016
56 Croatia 14.87 2016
57 Dominican Republic 14.70 2016
58 Uruguay 14.45 2016
59 Côte d'Ivoire 14.38 2016
60 Madagascar 14.35 2008
61 Cuba 14.35 2015
62 Belgium 14.26 2016
63 Spain 14.19 2016
64 Ukraine 14.19 2016
65 Portugal 13.92 2016
66 Mauritius 13.91 2016
67 Moldova 13.89 2016
68 Peru 13.86 2016
69 Benin 13.72 2015
70 Russia 13.72 2016
71 Venezuela 13.55 2014
72 Senegal 13.50 2014
73 Bolivia 13.43 2016
74 Suriname 13.35 2016
75 South Africa 13.34 2016
76 Costa Rica 13.24 2016
77 Israel 13.04 2016
78 Saudi Arabia 12.87 2016
79 Cameroon 12.86 2015
80 Pakistan 12.80 2016
81 Colombia 12.58 2016
82 Fiji 12.38 2016
83 Iran 12.30 2016
84 United States 12.27 2015
85 Latvia 12.27 2016
86 Netherlands 12.15 2016
87 Georgia 12.05 2016
88 Chile 12.01 2016
89 Kazakhstan 12.00 2016
90 Namibia 11.98 2016
91 New Zealand 11.95 2014
92 Paraguay 11.87 2016
93 Afghanistan 11.82 2016
94 Brazil 11.71 2016
95 Equatorial Guinea 11.62 2016
96 Iceland 11.61 2015
97 Brunei 11.46 2016
98 France 11.38 2016
99 Tajikistan 11.19 2013
100 Yemen 11.05 2016
101 Burkina Faso 11.01 2016
102 Guinea-Bissau 10.73 1999
103 Canada 10.62 2013
104 Malawi 10.30 2016
105 Armenia 10.21 2016
106 United Kingdom 10.13 2016
107 Burundi 10.08 2016
108 Kenya 10.03 2016
109 Greece 9.87 2016
110 Zimbabwe 9.55 2016
111 Mozambique 9.53 2016
112 Uganda 9.50 2016
113 Jamaica 9.14 2016
114 Lebanon 9.06 2016
115 Qatar 9.05 2016
116 Lao PDR 8.78 2016
117 Nigeria 8.77 2016
118 Malta 8.76 2016
119 Oman 8.46 2016
120 Seychelles 8.45 2014
121 Belize 8.25 2015
122 Congo 8.22 2016
123 United Arab Emirates 8.09 2010
124 Zambia 8.07 2016
125 Syrian Arab Republic 7.99 2002
126 Mongolia 7.91 2016
127 Bhutan 7.82 2016
128 Norway 7.62 2016
129 São Tomé and Principe 7.44 2016
130 Central African Republic 7.20 2015
131 Tonga 7.14 2016
132 Mauritania 6.88 2016
133 St. Kitts and Nevis 6.85 2016
134 Kuwait 6.82 2016
135 Guinea 6.60 2005
136 Australia 6.57 2016
137 Albania 6.45 2016
138 Sudan 6.33 2011
139 Rwanda 6.26 2016
140 Algeria 6.07 2016
141 Nepal 5.97 2016
142 Trinidad and Tobago 5.94 2016
143 Botswana 5.68 2016
144 Eritrea 5.65 2009
145 Ghana 5.63 2016
146 Azerbaijan 5.59 2016
147 Luxembourg 5.58 2016
148 Tanzania 5.54 2016
149 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.54 2016
150 Panama 5.47 2016
151 Cyprus 5.03 2016
152 The Gambia 4.85 2016
153 Solomon Islands 4.85 2006
154 Kiribati 4.82 2013
155 Togo 4.69 2016
156 Somalia 4.62 1990
157 Montenegro 4.57 2016
158 Mali 4.54 1979
159 Libya 4.49 2008
160 Ethiopia 4.34 2016
161 New Caledonia 3.96 1997
162 Grenada 3.94 2016
163 Angola 3.87 2001
164 Barbados 3.81 2015
165 Vanuatu 3.71 2014
166 Andorra 3.60 2015
167 Chad 3.21 2016
168 Gabon 3.13 2015
169 The Bahamas 3.09 2016
170 Liberia 3.05 2016
171 Antigua and Barbuda 2.79 2016
172 Greenland 2.66 2015
173 Dominica 2.63 2016
174 St. Lucia 2.60 2016
175 Djibouti 2.45 2007
176 Papua New Guinea 2.26 2014
177 Sierra Leone 1.98 2016
178 Hong Kong SAR, China 1.11 2016
179 Tuvalu 1.10 2011
180 Palau 1.04 2016
181 Cayman Islands 0.96 2012
182 Timor-Leste 0.79 2015
183 Macao SAR, China 0.78 2015

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Limitations and Exceptions: Ideally, industrial output should be measured through regular censuses and surveys of firms. But in most developing countries such surveys are infrequent, so earlier survey results must be extrapolated using an appropriate indicator. The choice of sampling unit, which may be the enterprise (where responses may be based on financial records) or the establishment (where production units may be recorded separately), also affects the quality of the data. Moreover, much industrial production is organized in unincorporated or owner-operated ventures that are not captured by surveys aimed at the formal sector. Even in large industries, where regular surveys are more likely, evasion of excise and other taxes and nondisclosure of income lower the estimates of value added. Such problems become more acute as countries move from state control of industry to private enterprise, because new firms and growing numbers of established firms fail to report. In accordance with the System of National Accounts, output should include all such unreported activity as well as the value of illegal activities and other unrecorded, informal, or small-scale operations. Data on these activities need to be collected using techniques other than conventional surveys of firms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the sum of value added by all its producers. Value added is the value of the gross output of producers less the value of intermediate goods and services consumed in production, before accounting for consumption of fixed capital in production. The United Nations System of National Accounts calls for value added to be valued at either basic prices (excluding net taxes on products) or producer prices (including net taxes on products paid by producers but excluding sales or value added taxes). Both valuations exclude transport charges that are invoiced separately by producers. Total GDP is measured at purchaser prices. Value added by industry is normally measured at basic prices.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Note: Data for OECD countries are based on ISIC, revision 4.