Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tajikistan 118.31 2013
2 Afghanistan 112.09 2016
3 Yemen 106.99 2016
4 Nepal 84.62 2016
5 Kyrgyz Republic 83.51 2016
6 Lebanon 82.87 2016
7 Pakistan 80.01 2016
8 Armenia 77.26 2016
9 Cambodia 76.47 2016
10 Jordan 74.48 2009
11 Philippines 73.56 2016
12 Bangladesh 69.11 2016
13 Sri Lanka 67.61 2016
14 Hong Kong SAR, China 66.16 2016
15 Georgia 64.62 2016
16 Iraq 64.46 2016
17 Vietnam 64.35 2016
18 Lao PDR 61.33 2016
19 Uzbekistan 61.20 2016
20 Turkey 59.82 2016
21 India 59.43 2016
22 Timor-Leste 59.31 2015
23 Azerbaijan 59.15 2016
24 Syrian Arab Republic 59.09 2007
25 United Arab Emirates 58.47 2016
26 Kazakhstan 57.74 2016
27 Japan 55.84 2016
28 Indonesia 55.48 2016
29 Israel 55.09 2016
30 Malaysia 54.86 2016
31 Russia 53.37 2016
32 Mongolia 51.13 2016
33 Bhutan 50.90 2016
34 Myanmar 50.24 2015
35 Iran 49.38 2016
36 Korea 48.78 2016
37 Thailand 46.18 2016
38 Kuwait 45.27 2016
39 Bahrain 45.03 2016
40 Saudi Arabia 42.71 2016
41 China 39.01 2016
42 Singapore 37.50 2016
43 Oman 28.08 2015
44 Brunei 27.32 2016
45 Macao SAR, China 26.62 2016
46 Qatar 25.80 2016
47 Turkmenistan 15.08 2012

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Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual