Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Liberia 142.83 2016
2 Somalia 105.31 1984
3 Comoros 99.98 2014
4 Sierra Leone 97.17 2016
5 Central African Republic 96.40 2016
6 The Gambia 87.57 2016
7 Burundi 87.33 2016
8 Mali 82.86 2016
9 Egypt 82.86 2016
10 Togo 82.81 2016
11 Guinea-Bissau 82.44 2016
12 Malawi 80.60 2016
13 Dem. Rep. Congo 79.23 2016
14 Chad 79.22 2016
15 Nigeria 78.44 2015
16 Angola 78.11 2016
17 Kenya 77.94 2016
18 Sudan 77.81 2016
19 Eritrea 77.70 2011
20 Lesotho 77.70 2016
21 Mauritius 77.27 2016
22 Madagascar 77.05 2016
23 Uganda 77.02 2016
24 Zimbabwe 76.96 2016
25 Rwanda 76.81 2016
26 Senegal 74.19 2016
27 Guinea 73.80 2005
28 Namibia 73.13 2016
29 Mozambique 71.50 2016
30 Tunisia 71.17 2016
31 Cameroon 70.32 2016
32 Ethiopia 70.19 2016
33 Benin 69.47 2016
34 Swaziland 68.44 2016
35 Niger 67.81 2016
36 Ghana 66.61 2016
37 Cabo Verde 64.87 2014
38 Tanzania 64.61 2016
39 Burkina Faso 62.72 2015
40 South Africa 59.89 2016
41 Morocco 57.93 2016
42 Mauritania 57.79 2016
43 Djibouti 57.46 2007
44 Congo 56.46 2016
45 Côte d'Ivoire 55.63 2016
46 Seychelles 52.07 2014
47 Equatorial Guinea 52.01 2016
48 Zambia 49.30 2016
49 Botswana 44.17 2016
50 Algeria 42.78 2016
51 Gabon 39.19 2016
52 Libya 16.70 2008

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Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual