Documents to export (number) - Country Ranking

Definition: All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.

Source: World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Uzbekistan 13.00 2014
2 Congo 11.00 2014
2 Nepal 11.00 2014
2 Cameroon 11.00 2014
2 Mongolia 11.00 2014
2 Tajikistan 11.00 2014
7 Malawi 10.00 2014
7 Burkina Faso 10.00 2014
7 Iraq 10.00 2014
7 Lao PDR 10.00 2014
7 Afghanistan 10.00 2014
7 Kazakhstan 10.00 2014
7 Liberia 10.00 2014
7 Eritrea 10.00 2014
15 Comoros 9.00 2014
15 Kyrgyz Republic 9.00 2014
15 Central African Republic 9.00 2014
15 Côte d'Ivoire 9.00 2014
15 Moldova 9.00 2014
15 Azerbaijan 9.00 2014
15 Burundi 9.00 2014
15 Bhutan 9.00 2014
15 Angola 9.00 2014
24 São Tomé and Principe 8.00 2014
24 Syrian Arab Republic 8.00 2014
24 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.00 2014
24 Algeria 8.00 2014
24 Suriname 8.00 2014
24 Venezuela 8.00 2014
24 Fiji 8.00 2014
24 Benin 8.00 2014
24 Ethiopia 8.00 2014
24 Niger 8.00 2014
24 Belarus 8.00 2014
24 Mauritania 8.00 2014
24 Ukraine 8.00 2014
24 Egypt 8.00 2014
24 Guatemala 8.00 2014
24 Kenya 8.00 2014
24 Cambodia 8.00 2014
24 Haiti 8.00 2014
24 Namibia 8.00 2014
24 Swaziland 8.00 2014
24 Lesotho 8.00 2014
45 Mozambique 7.00 2014
45 St. Lucia 7.00 2014
45 Sudan 7.00 2014
45 South Africa 7.00 2014
45 Chad 7.00 2014
45 Kuwait 7.00 2014
45 Sri Lanka 7.00 2014
45 Rwanda 7.00 2014
45 Russia 7.00 2014
45 Solomon Islands 7.00 2014
45 Albania 7.00 2014
45 Uganda 7.00 2014
45 Equatorial Guinea 7.00 2014
45 El Salvador 7.00 2014
45 Ecuador 7.00 2014
45 Papua New Guinea 7.00 2014
45 Zimbabwe 7.00 2014
45 Turkey 7.00 2014
45 Tanzania 7.00 2014
45 Paraguay 7.00 2014
45 Bolivia 7.00 2014
45 Iran 7.00 2014
45 Zambia 7.00 2014
45 Guinea 7.00 2014
45 Oman 7.00 2014
45 Sierra Leone 7.00 2014
45 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.00 2014
45 Cabo Verde 7.00 2014
73 Nigeria 6.90 2014
74 Argentina 6.00 2014
74 Montenegro 6.00 2014
74 Ghana 6.00 2014
74 Croatia 6.00 2014
74 Serbia 6.00 2014
74 Bahrain 6.00 2014
74 Botswana 6.00 2014
74 Vanuatu 6.00 2014
74 Dominica 6.00 2014
74 Mali 6.00 2014
74 Uruguay 6.00 2014
74 Jamaica 6.00 2014
74 Guinea-Bissau 6.00 2014
74 Philippines 6.00 2014
74 Kiribati 6.00 2014
74 Hungary 6.00 2014
74 Yemen 6.00 2014
74 Samoa 6.00 2014
74 Togo 6.00 2014
74 Timor-Leste 6.00 2014
74 The Gambia 6.00 2014
74 Senegal 6.00 2014
74 Tonga 6.00 2014
74 Gabon 6.00 2014
74 Guyana 6.00 2014
74 Macedonia 6.00 2014
100 Pakistan 5.20 2014
101 Seychelles 5.00 2014
101 Cyprus 5.00 2014
101 Dominican Republic 5.00 2014
101 Antigua and Barbuda 5.00 2014
101 Slovenia 5.00 2014
101 Chile 5.00 2014
101 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.00 2014
101 Armenia 5.00 2014
101 Belize 5.00 2014
101 Brunei 5.00 2014
101 Costa Rica 5.00 2014
101 Honduras 5.00 2014
101 Luxembourg 5.00 2014
101 Vietnam 5.00 2014
101 Nicaragua 5.00 2014
101 Slovak Republic 5.00 2014
101 Palau 5.00 2014
101 Australia 5.00 2014
101 The Bahamas 5.00 2014
101 Romania 5.00 2014
101 Thailand 5.00 2014
101 Djibouti 5.00 2014
101 Jordan 5.00 2014
101 Latvia 5.00 2014
101 Trinidad and Tobago 5.00 2014
101 Puerto Rico 5.00 2014
101 Peru 5.00 2014
101 Poland 5.00 2014
101 Saudi Arabia 5.00 2014
101 Morocco 5.00 2014
101 Madagascar 5.00 2014
101 Qatar 5.00 2014
133 Bangladesh 4.70 2014
134 China 4.40 2014
135 Colombia 4.00 2014
135 Denmark 4.00 2014
135 Iceland 4.00 2014
135 St. Kitts and Nevis 4.00 2014
135 Lebanon 4.00 2014
135 Lithuania 4.00 2014
135 Czech Republic 4.00 2014
135 Spain 4.00 2014
135 Georgia 4.00 2014
135 Bulgaria 4.00 2014
135 Greece 4.00 2014
135 Malaysia 4.00 2014
135 Finland 4.00 2014
135 United Kingdom 4.00 2014
135 Grenada 4.00 2014
135 Mauritius 4.00 2014
135 Tunisia 4.00 2014
135 Germany 4.00 2014
135 Belgium 4.00 2014
135 Portugal 4.00 2014
135 Netherlands 4.00 2014
135 Norway 4.00 2014
135 Israel 4.00 2014
135 New Zealand 4.00 2014
159 Brazil 3.70 2014
160 India 3.30 2014
160 Mexico 3.30 2014
162 Indonesia 3.10 2014
163 Canada 3.00 2014
163 Switzerland 3.00 2014
163 United Arab Emirates 3.00 2014
163 Italy 3.00 2014
163 Austria 3.00 2014
163 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.00 2014
163 Sweden 3.00 2014
163 Panama 3.00 2014
163 Estonia 3.00 2014
163 Singapore 3.00 2014
163 Korea 3.00 2014
174 Japan 2.00 2014
174 Ireland 2.00 2014
174 France 2.00 2014
177 United States 1.80 2014

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Development Relevance: The Doing Business report was first published in 2003 with five indicator sets measuring business regulation in 133 economies. The report has grown into an annual publication covering 11 indicator sets and 189 economies. In these 10 years Doing Business has recorded nearly 2,000 business regulation reforms in the areas covered by the indicators and researchers have produced well over 1,000 articles in peer-reviewed journals using the data published by Doing Business - work that helps explore many of the key development questions of our time. The Doing Business indicators points to important trends in regulatory reform and identifies the regions and economies making the biggest improvements for local entrepreneurs. It highlights both the areas of business regulation that have received the most attention and those where more progress remains to be made. The report also reviews research on which regulatory reforms have worked and how. Among the highlights are smarter business regulation supports economic growth, simpler business registration promotes greater entrepreneurship and firm productivity, while lower-cost registration improves formal employment opportunities, an effective regulatory environment boosts trade performance, and sound financial market infrastructure - courts, creditor and insolvency laws, and credit and collateral registries - improves access to credit.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the number of documents needed to export or import are from the World Bank's Doing Business surveys, which compile procedural requirements for exporting and importing a standardized cargo of goods by ocean transport from local freight forwarders, shipping lines, customs brokers, port officials, and banks. The procedural requirements for exporting and importing goods involved filling out several required documents. These documents are associated with every official procedure - from the contractual agreement between the 2 parties to the delivery of goods, and needs to be filled and submitted in a timely manner. Several assumptions about the business and traded goods are used. For the business, it is assumed that it has at least 60 employees, located in the economy's largest business city, is a private limited-liability company, is 100% domestically owned, and exports more than 10% of its sales. For the traded goods, it is assumed that the product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load, weighs 10 tons, and valued at $20,000. The assumptions about the product being traded are that it is not hazardous or include any military items, does not require refrigeration or any other special environment, requires only the internationally accepted safety standards, and is one of the economy's leading export or import products. Trade facilitation encompasses customs efficiency and other physical and regulatory environments where trade takes place, harmonization of standards and conformance to international regulations, and the logistics of moving goods and associated documentation through countries and ports. Though collection of trade facilitation data has improved over the last decade, data that allow meaningful evaluation, especially for developing economies, are lacking.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The World Bank's Doing Business measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with exporting and importing a standardized cargo of goods by sea transport. The time and cost necessary to complete every official procedure for exporting and importing the goods are recorded; however, the time and cost for sea transport are not included. All documents needed by the trader to export or import the goods across the border are also recorded. For exporting goods, procedures range from packing the goods into the container at the warehouse to their departure from the port of exit. For importing goods, procedures range from the vessel's arrival at the port of entry to the cargo's delivery at the warehouse. For landlocked economies, these include procedures at the inland border post, since the port is located in the transit economy. Payment is made by letter of credit, and the time, cost and documents required for the issuance or advising of a letter of credit are taken into account. The ranking on the ease of trading across borders is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. Local freight forwarders, shipping lines, customs brokers, port officials and banks provide information on required documents and cost as well as the time to complete each procedure. To make the data comparable across economies, several assumptions about the business and the traded goods are used. All documents required per shipment to export and import the goods are recorded. It is assumed that a new contract is drafted per shipment and that the contract has already been agreed upon and executed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by relevant agencies - including government ministries, customs, port authorities and other control agencies - are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are requested at the time of clearance but that are valid for a year or longer and do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Documents to export include bank documents, customs clearance documents, port and terminal handling documents, and transport documents.

Aggregation method: Unweighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data are presented for the survey year instead of publication year.