Guatemala - Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49)

Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) in Guatemala was 0.400 as of 2018. Its highest value over the past 28 years was 0.700 in 2005, while its lowest value was 0.300 in 1990.

Definition: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.

Source: UNAIDS estimates.

See also:

Year Value
1990 0.300
1991 0.300
1992 0.400
1993 0.400
1994 0.500
1995 0.500
1996 0.600
1997 0.600
1998 0.700
1999 0.700
2000 0.700
2001 0.700
2002 0.700
2003 0.700
2004 0.700
2005 0.700
2006 0.600
2007 0.600
2008 0.600
2009 0.600
2010 0.600
2011 0.500
2012 0.500
2013 0.500
2014 0.500
2015 0.400
2016 0.400
2017 0.400
2018 0.400

Limitations and Exceptions: The limited availability of data on health status is a major constraint in assessing the health situation in developing countries. Surveillance data are lacking for many major public health concerns. Estimates of prevalence and incidence are available for some diseases but are often unreliable and incomplete. National health authorities differ widely in capacity and willingness to collect or report information.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: HIV prevalence rates reflect the rate of HIV infection in each country's population. Low national prevalence rates can be misleading, however. They often disguise epidemics that are initially concentrated in certain localities or population groups and threaten to spill over into the wider population. In many developing countries most new infections occur in young adults, with young women especially vulnerable. Data on HIV are from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Changes in procedures and assumptions for estimating the data and better coordination with countries have resulted in improved estimates of HIV and AIDS. The models, which are routinely updated, track the course of HIV epidemics and their impact, making full use of information in HIV prevalence trends from surveillance data as well as survey data. The models take into account reduced infectivity among people receiving antiretroviral therapy (which is having a larger impact on HIV prevalence and allowing HIV-positive people to live longer) and allow for changes in urbanization over time in generalized epidemics. The estimates include plausibility bounds, which reflect the certainty associated with each of the estimates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Risk factors