Colombia - Rural population

The value for Rural population in Colombia was 9,543,470 as of 2018. As the graph below shows, over the past 58 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 10,323,160 in 1999 and a minimum value of 8,628,136 in 1960.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also:

Year Value
1960 8,628,136
1961 8,664,634
1962 8,692,945
1963 8,712,030
1964 8,719,182
1965 8,834,571
1966 8,948,306
1967 9,055,427
1968 9,153,304
1969 9,240,440
1970 9,314,830
1971 9,375,896
1972 9,424,700
1973 9,465,379
1974 9,507,860
1975 9,552,562
1976 9,596,426
1977 9,639,782
1978 9,681,265
1979 9,719,757
1980 9,754,661
1981 9,786,596
1982 9,815,122
1983 9,839,491
1984 9,859,109
1985 9,873,713
1986 9,915,878
1987 9,966,622
1988 10,013,910
1989 10,059,230
1990 10,102,580
1991 10,144,720
1992 10,183,920
1993 10,220,690
1994 10,252,810
1995 10,279,220
1996 10,298,710
1997 10,312,930
1998 10,320,770
1999 10,323,160
2000 10,320,830
2001 10,313,980
2002 10,301,820
2003 10,283,440
2004 10,258,120
2005 10,225,220
2006 10,185,480
2007 10,140,110
2008 10,088,360
2009 10,029,830
2010 9,965,274
2011 9,892,910
2012 9,813,908
2013 9,736,063
2014 9,668,612
2015 9,616,282
2016 9,582,253
2017 9,562,114
2018 9,543,470

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization