China - GINI index

GINI index (World Bank estimate)

The value for GINI index (World Bank estimate) in China was 38.20 as of 2019. As the graph below shows, over the past 29 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 43.70 in 2010 and a minimum value of 32.20 in 1990.

Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldban

See also:

Year Value
1990 32.20
1993 33.90
1996 35.20
1999 38.70
2002 42.00
2005 40.90
2008 43.00
2010 43.70
2011 42.40
2012 42.20
2013 39.70
2014 39.20
2015 38.60
2016 38.50
2017 39.10
2018 38.50
2019 38.20


Topic: Poverty Indicators

Sub-Topic: Income distribution