Bulgaria - School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross)

The value for School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross) in Bulgaria was 65.41 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 44 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 65.41 in 2015 and a minimum value of 13.82 in 1981.

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also:

Year Value
1971 13.85
1972 14.31
1973 15.56
1974 15.92
1975 16.24
1976 16.36
1977 16.30
1978 16.17
1979 15.06
1980 14.30
1981 13.82
1982 14.14
1983 14.19
1984 14.57
1985 15.45
1986 16.68
1987 18.17
1988 19.61
1989 22.53
1990 24.36
1991 29.56
1992 27.84
1993 26.78
1994 27.19
1995 28.26
1996 30.56
1997 32.67
1998 32.87
1999 35.74
2000 37.05
2001 36.59
2002 36.57
2003 38.06
2004 38.66
2005 41.11
2006 41.34
2007 44.44
2008 44.49
2009 46.64
2010 50.12
2011 52.01
2012 55.36
2013 58.87
2014 63.02
2015 65.41

Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for tertiary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in tertiary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to tertiary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation