Bahrain - Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP)

Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) in Bahrain was 45.03 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 36 years was 59.09 in 1992, while its lowest value was 29.64 in 1985.

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also:

Year Value
1980 31.97
1981 32.80
1982 34.50
1983 34.29
1984 34.20
1985 29.64
1986 32.26
1987 35.20
1988 37.59
1989 39.79
1990 38.41
1991 58.64
1992 59.09
1993 56.28
1994 52.14
1995 53.03
1996 53.65
1997 53.50
1998 57.09
1999 55.38
2000 44.66
2001 46.83
2002 44.92
2003 42.91
2004 47.57
2005 39.73
2006 34.73
2007 31.61
2008 34.49
2009 40.91
2010 41.18
2011 39.05
2012 38.01
2013 40.78
2014 40.50
2015 45.07
2016 45.03

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: National accounts