Australia - Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)

The value for Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) in Australia was 10,071 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 54 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 10,973 in 2007 and a minimum value of 1,826 in 1960.

Definition: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (, subject to

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,826
1961 1,947
1962 2,013
1963 2,212
1964 2,417
1965 2,625
1966 2,765
1967 2,969
1968 3,102
1969 3,330
1970 3,610
1971 3,752
1972 3,881
1973 4,230
1974 4,579
1975 4,782
1976 4,902
1977 5,251
1978 5,416
1979 5,666
1980 5,915
1981 6,153
1982 6,391
1983 6,366
1984 6,700
1985 7,008
1986 7,309
1987 7,526
1988 7,801
1989 8,129
1990 8,527
1991 8,522
1992 8,550
1993 8,702
1994 8,812
1995 8,994
1996 9,108
1997 9,291
1998 9,783
1999 10,036
2000 10,194
2001 10,636
2002 10,813
2003 10,435
2004 10,555
2005 10,458
2006 10,490
2007 10,973
2008 10,749
2009 10,792
2010 10,727
2011 10,627
2012 10,408
2013 10,221
2014 10,071

Development Relevance: An economy's production and consumption of electricity are basic indicators of its size and level of development. Although a few countries export electric power, most production is for domestic consumption. Expanding the supply of electricity to meet the growing demand of increasingly urbanized and industrialized economies without incurring unacceptable social, economic, and environmental costs is one of the great challenges facing developing countries. Modern societies are becoming increasing dependent on reliable and secure electricity supplies to underpin economic growth and community prosperity. This reliance is set to grow as more efficient and less carbon intensive forms of power are developed and deployed to help decarbonize economies. Maintaining reliable and secure electricity services while seeking to rapidly decarbonize power systems is a key challenge for countries throughout the world. In developing economies growth in energy use is closely related to growth in the modern sectors - industry, motorized transport, and urban areas - but energy use also reflects climatic, geographic, and economic factors (such as the relative price of energy). Energy use has been growing rapidly in low- and middle-income economies, but high-income economies still use almost five times as much energy on a per capita basis. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts. The IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes, and energy statistics undergo continual changes in coverage or methodology as more detailed energy accounts become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electric power consumption per capita (kWh ) is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants, divided by midyear population. Energy data are compiled by the International Energy Agency (IEA). IEA data for economies that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. Electricity consumption is equivalent to production less power plants' own use and transmission, distribution, and transformation losses less exports plus imports. It includes consumption by auxiliary stations, losses in transformers that are considered integral parts of those stations, and electricity produced by pumping installations. Where data are available, it covers electricity generated by primary sources of energy - coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, wind, tide and wave, and combustible renewables. Neither production nor consumption data capture the reliability of supplies, including breakdowns, load factors, and frequency of outages.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use