West Bank vs. Jordan


West BankJordan
Background"From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule. Following World War I, the Allied powers (France, UK, Russia) allocated the area to the British Mandate of Palestine. After World War II, the UN passed a resolution to establish two states within the Mandate, and designated a territory including what is now known as the West Bank as part of the proposed Arab state. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the area was captured by Transjordan (later renamed Jordan). Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950. In June 1967, Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War. With the exception of East Jerusalem, roughly 60% of the West Bank remains under Israeli military control. Israel transferred security and civilian responsibility for a number of Palestinian-populated areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Palestinian Authority (PA) under a series of agreements signed between 1993 and 1999, the so-called “Oslo Accords.” Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid-2000. In early 2003, the ""Quartet"" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states - Israel and a democratic Palestine.
Following Palestinian leader Yassir ARAFAT's death in late 2004 and the subsequent election of Mahmud ABBAS (head of the Fatah political faction) as PA president, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to move the peace process forward. Israel in late 2005 unilaterally withdrew all of its settlers and soldiers, dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip, and redeployed its military from several West Bank settlements, but it continues to control maritime, airspace, and other access. In early 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won the Palestinian Legislative Council election and took control of the PA government. Attempts to form a unity government failed, and violent clashes between Fatah and HAMAS supporters ensued, culminating in HAMAS's violent seizure of all military and governmental institutions in the Gaza Strip. Fatah and HAMAS have made several attempts at reconciliation, but the factions have been unable to implement details on governance and security. In an attempt to reenergize peace talks between the Israelis and Palestinians, France in June 2016 hosted a ministerial meeting that included participants from 29 countries, although not Israel or the Palestinians, to lay the groundwork for an envisioned ""multilateral peace conference"" later in the year.
Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King HUSSEIN (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, King HUSSEIN's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He has implemented modest political and economic reforms, including the passage of a new electoral law in early 2016 ahead of legislative elections held in September. The Islamic Action Front, which is the political arm of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, returned to parliament with 15 seats after boycotting the previous two elections in 2010 and 2013.


West BankJordan
LocationMiddle East, west of Jordan, east of Israel
Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Geographic coordinates32 00 N, 35 15 E
31 00 N, 36 00 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Middle East
Areatotal: 5,860 sq km
land: 5,640 sq km
water: 220 sq km
note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967
total: 89,342 sq km
land: 88,802 sq km
water: 540 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Delaware
about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Indiana
Land boundariestotal: 478 km
border countries (2): Israel 330 km, Jordan 148 km
total: 1,744 km
border countries (5): Iraq 179 km, Israel 307 km, Saudi Arabia 731 km, Syria 379 km, West Bank 148 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
26 km
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
territorial sea: 3 nm
Climatetemperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Terrainmostly rugged, dissected upland in west, flat plains descending to Jordan River Valley to the east
mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates eastern and western banks of the Jordan River
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Nabi Yunis 1,020 m
mean elevation: 812 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m
highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m
Natural resourcesarable land
phosphates, potash, shale oil
Land useagricultural land: 43.3%
arable land 7.4%; permanent crops 11%; permanent pasture 24.9%
forest: 1.5%
other: 55.2%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2011 est.)
agricultural land: 11.4%
arable land 2%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 8.4%
forest: 1.1%
other: 87.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land240 sq km; note - includes Gaza Strip (2012)
964 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsdroughts
droughts; periodic earthquakes; flash floods
Environment - current issuesadequacy of freshwater supply; sewage treatment
limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Geography - notelandlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are about 380 Israeli civilian sites, including about 213 settlements and 132 small outpost communities in the West Bank and 35 sites in East Jerusalem (2017)
strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank
Population distributionPalestinian settlements are primarily located in the central to western half of the territory; Jewish settlements are found in pockets throughout, particularly in the northeast, north-central, and around Jerusalem
population heavily concentrated in the west, and particularly the northwest, in and around the capital of Amman; a sizeable, but smaller population is located in the southwest along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba


West BankJordan
Population2,747,943 (July 2017 est.)
note: approximately 391,000 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2016); approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 36.5% (male 514,691/female 488,233)
15-24 years: 21.37% (male 299,859/female 287,367)
25-54 years: 34.1% (male 475,860/female 461,252)
55-64 years: 4.54% (male 64,275/female 60,507)
65 years and over: 3.49% (male 43,060/female 52,839) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 34.68% (male 1,827,554/female 1,726,691)
15-24 years: 20.07% (male 1,103,042/female 953,704)
25-54 years: 37.36% (male 2,073,211/female 1,755,290)
55-64 years: 4.44% (male 236,435/female 218,469)
65 years and over: 3.45% (male 174,470/female 179,203) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 21.1 years
male: 20.9 years
female: 21.3 years (2017 est.)
total: 22.5 years
male: 22.9 years
female: 22 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.84% (2017 est.)
2.05% (2017 est.)
Birth rate26.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
23.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 14.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.2 years
male: 73.2 years
female: 77.4 years (2017 est.)
total population: 74.8 years
male: 73.4 years
female: 76.3 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate3.27 children born/woman (2017 est.)
3.19 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
<.1% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab, Jewish, other
Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
<500 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 80-85% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5% (mainly Greek Orthodox), other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1% (2012 est.)
Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <0.1, folk religionist <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1, other <0.1 (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
<100 (2016 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.7%
female: 92.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank
urban population: 84.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 92.3% of population
total: 96.9% of population
urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 7.7% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 98.6% of population
urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
58 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.4%
note: estimate are for Gaza and the West Bank (2014)
3% (2012)
Physicians density1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
2.65 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
1.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate57.2% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2014)
61.2% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.8
youth dependency ratio: 70.5
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.1
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 66.1
youth dependency ratio: 59.8
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16 (2015 est.)


West BankJordan
Country nameconventional long form: none
conventional short form: West Bank
etymology: name refers to the location of the region - occupied and administered by Jordan after 1948 - that fell on the far side (west bank) of the Jordan River in relation to Jordan proper; the designation was retained following the 1967 Six-Day War and the subsequent changes in government
conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
conventional short form: Jordan
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
local short form: Al Urdun
former: Transjordan
etymology: named for the Jordan River, which makes up part of Jordan's northwest border


West BankJordan
Economy - overviewIsraeli-Palestinian violence in 2015 exacerbated challenges to economic growth in the West Bank - the larger of the two areas comprising the Palestinian Territories. Increased security restrictions and political instability slowed economic activity, and Israel’s four-month withholding of taxes and other fees it collects on the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) behalf caused the PA to delay salary payments to its employees, which in turn had broader effects on business activity and consumer demand.

Longstanding Israeli closure policies continue to disrupt labor and trade flows and the territory’s industrial capacity, limit imports and exports, and constrain private sector development. The PA for the foreseeable future will continue to rely heavily on donor aid for its budgetary needs and economic activity.
Jordan's economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of poverty, unemployment and underemployment, budget and current account deficits, and government debt.

King ABDALLAH, during the first decade of the 2000s, implemented significant economic reforms, such as expanding foreign trade and privatizing state-owned companies that attracted foreign investment and contributed to average annual economic growth of 8% for 2004 through 2008. The global economic slowdown and regional turmoil contributed to slower growth from 2010 to 2017 - with growth averaging 2.6% per year - and hurt export-oriented sectors, construction, and tourism. Since the onset of the civil war in Syria and resulting refugee crisis, one of Jordan’s most pressing socioeconomic challenges has been managing the influx of 650,000 UN-registered refugees, more than 80% of whom live in Jordan’s urban areas. Jordan’s own official census estimated the refugee number at 1.3 million as of early 2016.

Jordan is nearly completely dependent on imported energy—mostly natural gas—and energy consistently makes up 25-30 percent of Jordan’s imports. To diversify its energy mix, Jordan has secured several contracts for liquefied natural gas and is currently exploring nuclear power generation, exploitation of abundant oil shale reserves and renewable technologies, as well as the import of Israeli offshore gas. In August 2016, Jordan and the IMF agreed to a $723 million Extended Fund Facility that aims to build on the three-year, $2.1 billion IMF program that ended in August 2015 with the goal of helping Jordan correct budgetary and balance of payments imbalances.
GDP (purchasing power parity)$21.22 billion (2014 est.)
$20.15 billion (2013 est.)
$19.95 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2014 US dollars; includes Gaza Strip
$89.05 billion (2017 est.)
$87.04 billion (2016 est.)
$85.33 billion (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
GDP - real growth rate5.3% (2014 est.)
1% (2013 est.)
6% (2012 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
2.3% (2017 est.)
2% (2016 est.)
2.4% (2015 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$4,300 (2014 est.)
$4,400 (2013 est.)
$4,600 (2012 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
$12,500 (2017 est.)
$12,500 (2016 est.)
$12,500 (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
GDP - composition by sectoragriculture: 3%
industry: 21.1%
services: 62.5%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2017 est.)
agriculture: 4.3%
industry: 28.9%
services: 66.8% (2017 est.)
Population below poverty line18% (2011 est.)
14.2% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 28.2%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2009 est.)
lowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 28.7% (2010 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)0.8% (2017 est.)
-0.2% (2016 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
3.3% (2017 est.)
-0.8% (2016 est.)
Labor force1.24 million
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2017 est.)
2.295 million (2017 est.)
Labor force - by occupationagriculture: 11.5%
industry: 34.4%
services: 54.1%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2013 est.)
agriculture: 2%
industry: 20%
services: 78% (2013 est.)
Unemployment rate26.7% (2017 est.)
26.9% (2016 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
16.5% (2017 est.)
15.3% (2016 est.)
note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%
Distribution of family income - Gini index34.5 (2009 est.)
38.7 (2007 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
39.7 (2007)
36.4 (1997)
Budgetrevenues: $1.314 billion
expenditures: $1.278 billion
note: includes Palestinian Authority expenditures in the Gaza Strip (2017 est.)
revenues: $9.157 billion
expenditures: $11.81 billion (2017 est.)
Industriessmall-scale manufacturing, quarrying, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs
tourism, information technology, clothing, fertilizer, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing
Industrial production growth rate4%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2017 est.)
2.2% (2017 est.)
Agriculture - productsolives, citrus fruit, vegetables; beef, dairy products
citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairy
Exports$1.955 billion (2017 est.)
$1.827 billion (2016 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
$7.734 billion (2017 est.)
$7.509 billion (2016 est.)
Exports - commoditiesstone, olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
textiles, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals
Imports$6.476 billion (2017 est.)
$6.11 billion (2016 est.)
note: data include the Gaza Strip
$17.61 billion (2017 est.)
$17.03 billion (2016 est.)
Imports - commoditiesfood, consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum, chemicals
crude oil, refined petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals
Debt - external$1.662 billion (31 March 2016 est.)
$1.467 billion (31 March 2015 est.)
note: data include the Gaza Strip
$27.72 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$26.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Exchange ratesnew Israeli shekels (ILS) per US dollar -
3.606 (2017 est.)
3.841 (2016 est.)
3.841 (2015 est.)
3.8869 (2014 est.)
3.5779 (2013 est.)
Jordanian dinars (JOD) per US dollar -
0.71 (2017 est.)
0.71 (2016 est.)
0.71 (2015 est.)
0.71 (2014 est.)
0.71 (2013 est.)
Fiscal yearcalendar year
calendar year
Public debt24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
86% of GDP (2017 est.)
87.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$312.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$15.98 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$15.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Current Account Balance-$1.444 billion (2017 est.)
-$1.348 billion (2016 est.)
-$3.412 billion (2017 est.)
-$3.613 billion (2016 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)$9.828 billion (2014 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
$40.49 billion (2016 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares$3.339 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$3.187 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$3.247 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$24.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$25.45 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$25.55 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Commercial bank prime lending rate6.7% (31 December 2017 est.)
6.5% (31 December 2016 est.)
8.5% (31 December 2017 est.)
7.83% (31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$2.041 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.712 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$44.59 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$41.87 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of narrow money$382 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$317 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$14.98 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$14.63 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Stock of broad money$2.901 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.538 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$47.29 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$46.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues13.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)0.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
-6.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 40.7%
male: 36.4%
female: 60.8%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015 est.)
total: 29.3%
male: 25.2%
female: 48.8% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: 91.3%
government consumption: 26.7%
investment in fixed capital: 23%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 20%
imports of goods and services: -61%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2017 est.)
household consumption: 79.1%
government consumption: 19.3%
investment in fixed capital: 22.4%
investment in inventories: 1.9%
exports of goods and services: 32.7%
imports of goods and services: -55.4% (2017 est.)
Gross national saving7.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
11.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.2% of GDP (2015 est.)


West BankJordan
Electricity - production475 million kWh (2015 est.)
17.76 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity - consumption5.845 billion kWh (2015 est.)
16.13 billion kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity - exports0 kWh (2016)
50 million kWh (2015 est.)
Electricity - imports5.403 billion kWh (2015 est.)
604 million kWh (2015 est.)
Oil - production0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
22 bbl/day (2016 est.)
Oil - imports0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
63,220 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Oil - exports0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Oil - proved reserves0 bbl (1 January 2017)
1 million bbl (1 January 2017 es)
Natural gas - proved reserves0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
6.031 billion cu m (1 January 2017 es)
Natural gas - production0 cu m (2013 est.)
151 million cu m (2015 est.)
Natural gas - consumption0 cu m (2013 est.)
3.509 billion cu m (2015 est.)
Natural gas - exports0 cu m (2013 est.)
0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports0 cu m (2013 est.)
2.746 billion cu m (2015 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity152,000 kW
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015 est.)
4.382 million kW (2015 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels92.1% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
96.3% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
0.3% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources9.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
9.5% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
65,150 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption19,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
160,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports18,690 bbl/day (2014 est.)
93,860 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy3 million Mt (2013 est.)
19 million Mt (2013 est.)
Electricity accesspopulation without electricity: 80,930
electrification - total population: 98%
electrification - urban areas: 99%
electrification - rural areas: 93%
note: data for West Bank and Gaza Strip combined (2012)
population without electricity: 40,926
electrification - total population: 99.5%
electrification - urban areas: 99%
electrification - rural areas: 99.4% (2012)


West BankJordan
Telephones - main lines in usetotal subscriptions: 406,500 (includes Gaza Strip)
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2016 est.)
total subscriptions: 355,821
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 4 (July 2016 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellulartotal: 3.531 million (includes Gaza Strip)
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 76 (includes Gaza Strip) (July 2016 est.)
total: 15.352 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 188 (July 2016 est.)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: continuing political and economic instability has impeded significant liberalization of the telecommunications industry
domestic: Israeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for fixed-line services; PALTEL plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Jordan to route domestic mobile calls; the Palestinian JAWWAL company and WATANIYA PALESTINE provide cellular services
international: country code - 970; 1 international switch in Ramallah (2010)
general assessment: service has improved recently with increased use of digital switching equipment; microwave radio relay transmission and coaxial and fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; growing mobile-cellular usage in both urban and rural areas is reducing use of fixed-line services
domestic: 1995 telecommunications law opened all non-fixed-line services to private competition; in 2005, monopoly over fixed-line services terminated and the entire telecommunications sector was opened to competition; currently multiple mobile-cellular providers with subscribership up to 185 per 100 persons
international: country code - 962; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) FEA and FLAG Falcon submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 33 (3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, and 29 land and maritime Inmarsat terminals); fiber-optic cable to Saudi Arabia and microwave radio relay link with Egypt and Syria; participant in Medarabtel (2016)
Internet country code.ps; note - same as Gaza Strip
Internet userstotal: 2.673 million (includes Gaza Strip)
percent of population: 57.4% (includes Gaza Strip) (July 2016 est.)
total: 5,099,674
percent of population: 62.3% (July 2016 est.)
Broadcast mediathe Palestinian Authority operates 1 TV and 1 radio station; about 20 private TV and 40 radio stations; both Jordanian TV and satellite TV are accessible (2013)
radio and TV dominated by the government-owned Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (JRTV) that operates a main network, a sports network, a film network, and a satellite channel; first independent TV broadcaster aired in 2007; international satellite TV and Israeli and Syrian TV broadcasts are available; roughly 30 radio stations with JRTV operating the main government-owned station; transmissions of multiple international radio broadcasters are available (2007)


West BankJordan
Roadwaystotal: 4,686 km
paved: 4,686 km
note: includes Gaza Strip (2010)
total: 7,203 km
paved: 7,203 km (2011)
Airports2 (2013)
18 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
total: 16
over 3,047 m: 8
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2017)
Heliports1 (2013)
1 (2012)

Transnational Issues

West BankJordan
Disputes - international"the current status of the West Bank is subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Israel continues construction of a ""seam line"" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the West Bank; Israel withdrew from Gaza and four settlements in the northern West Bank in August 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered in Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel in the region
2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation
Refugees and internally displaced personsrefugees (country of origin): 809,738 (Palestinian refugees) (2017)
IDPs: 193,000 (includes persons displaced within the Gaza strip due to the intensification of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since June 2014 and other Palestinian IDPs in the Gaza Strip and West Bank who fled as long ago as 1967, although confirmed cumulative data do not go back beyond 2006) (2016)
refugees (country of origin): 2,175,491 (Palestinian refugees) (2017); 65,922 (Iraq); 655,624 (Syria) (2018)

Source: CIA Factbook