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United States vs. Mexico

Demographics

United StatesMexico
Population
329,256,465 (July 2018 est.)
125,959,205 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 18.62% (male 31,329,121 /female 29,984,705)
15-24 years: 13.12% (male 22,119,340 /female 21,082,599)
25-54 years: 39.29% (male 64,858,646 /female 64,496,889)
55-64 years: 12.94% (male 20,578,432 /female 22,040,267)
65 years and over: 16.03% (male 23,489,515 /female 29,276,951) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 26.61% (male 17,143,124 /female 16,378,309)
15-24 years: 17.35% (male 11,072,817 /female 10,779,029)
25-54 years: 40.91% (male 24,916,204 /female 26,612,272)
55-64 years: 7.87% (male 4,538,167 /female 5,375,867)
65 years and over: 7.26% (male 4,079,513 /female 5,063,903) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 38.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 37 years
female: 39.5 years
total: 28.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 27.5 years
female: 29.7 years
Population growth rate
0.8% (2018 est.)
1.09% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
12.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
18.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
3.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female NA
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 11.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 12.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 77.8 years
female: 82.3 years
total population: 76.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.5 years
female: 79.2 years
Total fertility rate
1.87 children born/woman (2017 est.)
2.22 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
0.2% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: American(s)
adjective: American
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groups
white 72.4%, black 12.6%, Asian 4.8%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.9%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2%, other 6.2%, two or more races 2.9% (2010 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); an estimated 16.3% of the total US population is Hispanic as of 2010

mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
230,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Jewish 1.9%, Mormon 1.6%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
4,000 (2017 est.)
Languages
English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska

Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005)

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2016)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5% of GDP (2014)
5.2% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 82.5% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.95% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 80.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 88% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 74.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 85.2% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 12% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 25.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 14.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
18.805 million New York-Newark, 12.448 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.862 million Chicago, 6.245 million Houston, 6.201 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.264 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2019)
21.672 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.101 million Guadalajara, 4.793 million Monterrey, 3.145 million Puebla, 2.411 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.099 million Tijuana (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
0.5% (2012)
4.2% (2016)
Health expenditures
16.8% (2015)
5.9% (2015)
Physicians density
2.59 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
2.25 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
2.9 beds/1,000 population (2013)
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
36.2% (2016)
28.9% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.4 years (2015 est.)
21.3 years (2008 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
75.9% (2015/17)
66.9% (2015)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 29 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 22.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 41.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook