Home

Tunisia vs. Italy

Demographics

TunisiaItaly
Population11,403,800 (July 2017 est.)
62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.15% (male 1,482,303/female 1,385,407)
15-24 years: 13.99% (male 805,376/female 790,119)
25-54 years: 43.38% (male 2,410,724/female 2,536,015)
55-64 years: 9.54% (male 543,865/female 543,642)
65 years and over: 7.95% (male 429,681/female 476,668) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 13.65% (male 4,334,457/female 4,146,726)
15-24 years: 9.66% (male 3,008,228/female 2,996,854)
25-54 years: 42.16% (male 12,933,634/female 13,265,541)
55-64 years: 12.99% (male 3,914,061/female 4,159,859)
65 years and over: 21.53% (male 5,758,197/female 7,620,245) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.6 years
male: 31 years
female: 32.2 years (2017 est.)
total: 45.5 years
male: 44.4 years
female: 46.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.01% (2017 est.)
0.19% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.7 years
male: 74.1 years
female: 77.4 years (2017 est.)
total population: 82.3 years
male: 79.6 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.23 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.44 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
0.3% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Tunisian(s)
adjective: Tunisian
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,900 (2016 est.)
130,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%
Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2016 est.)

LanguagesArabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)
note: despite having no official status, French plays a major role in the country and is spoken by about two-thirds of the population
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.8%
male: 89.6%
female: 74.2% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: NA
female: NA (2015)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures6.3% of GDP (2012)
4.2% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 67.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 69.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.2% of population
total: 97.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.8% of population
total: 2.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 79.8% of population
total: 91.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 20.2% of population
total: 8.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved::
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationTUNIS (capital) 1.993 million (2015)
ROME (capital) 3.718 million; Milan 3.099 million; Naples 2.202 million; Turin 1.765 million; Palermo 853,000; Bergamo 840,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate62 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7% of GDP (2014)
9.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.65 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
3.95 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.9% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.6
youth dependency ratio: 34.5
elderly dependency ratio: 11.1
potential support ratio: 9 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 35
potential support ratio: 2.9 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook