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Tunisia vs. Italy

Demographics

TunisiaItaly
Population
11,721,177 (July 2020 est.)
62,402,659 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.28% (male 1,529,834/female 1,433,357)
15-24 years: 12.9% (male 766,331/female 745,888)
25-54 years: 42.85% (male 2,445,751/female 2,576,335)
55-64 years: 10.12% (male 587,481/female 598,140)
65 years and over: 8.86% (male 491,602/female 546,458) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 13.45% (male 4,292,431/female 4,097,732)
15-24 years: 9.61% (male 3,005,402/female 2,989,764)
25-54 years: 40.86% (male 12,577,764/female 12,921,614)
55-64 years: 14% (male 4,243,735/female 4,493,581)
65 years and over: 22.08% (male 5,949,560/female 7,831,076) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 32.7 years
male: 32 years
female: 33.3 years (2020 est.)
total: 46.5 years
male: 45.4 years
female: 47.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.85% (2020 est.)
0.11% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
15.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 98.7 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.3 years
male: 74.6 years
female: 78.1 years (2020 est.)
total population: 82.5 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 85.3 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.06 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.47 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2019 est.)
0.3% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Tunisian(s)
adjective: Tunisian
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groups
Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
6,500 (2019 est.)
130,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%
Christian 83.3% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated 12.4%, other 0.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
<1000 (2019 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

note: despite having no official status, French plays a major role in the country and is spoken by about two thirds of the population

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.8%
male: 89.6%
female: 74.2% (2015)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years NA
female: 16 years NA (2016)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
6.6% of GDP (2015)
3.8% of GDP (2016)
Urbanization
urban population: 69.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 71% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 94.3% of population
total: 98.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 5.7% of population
total: 1.8% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 92.4% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 7.6% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
2.365 million TUNIS (capital) (2020)
4.257 million ROME (capital), 3.140 million Milan, 2.187 million Naples, 1.792 million Turin, 892,000 Bergamo, 851,000 Palermo (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
43 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
7.2% (2017)
8.8% (2017)
Physicians density
1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
3.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
26.9% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
50.7% (2018)
65.1% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.6
youth dependency ratio: 36.3
elderly dependency ratio: 13.3
potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 57
youth dependency ratio: 20.4
elderly dependency ratio: 36.6
potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook