Home

Syria vs. Italy

Demographics

SyriaItaly
Population
19,398,448 (July 2020 est.)

note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016)

62,402,659 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 33.47% (male 3,323,072/female 3,170,444)
15-24 years: 19.34% (male 1,872,903/female 1,879,564)
25-54 years: 37.31% (male 3,558,241/female 3,679,596)
55-64 years: 5.41% (male 516,209/female 534,189)
65 years and over: 4.46% (male 404,813/female 459,417) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 13.45% (male 4,292,431/female 4,097,732)
15-24 years: 9.61% (male 3,005,402/female 2,989,764)
25-54 years: 40.86% (male 12,577,764/female 12,921,614)
55-64 years: 14% (male 4,243,735/female 4,493,581)
65 years and over: 22.08% (male 5,949,560/female 7,831,076) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 23.5 years
male: 23 years
female: 24 years (2020 est.)
total: 46.5 years
male: 45.4 years
female: 47.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
4.25% NA (2020 est.)
0.11% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
23.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
4.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
27.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population NA (2020 est.)
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 99.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 16.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.7 years
male: 72.3 years
female: 75.3 years (2020 est.)
total population: 82.5 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 85.3 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.9 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.47 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2019)
0.3% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groups
Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<1000 (2019)
130,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
note:  the Christian population may be considerably smaller as a result of Christians fleeing the country during the ongoing civil war
Christian 83.3% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated 12.4%, other 0.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2019)
<1000 (2019 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
5.1% of GDP (2009)
3.8% of GDP (2016)
Urbanization
urban population: 55.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 71% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
2.392 million DAMASCUS (capital), 1.917 million Aleppo, 1.336 million Hims (Homs), 922,000 Hamah (2020)
4.257 million ROME (capital), 3.140 million Milan, 2.187 million Naples, 1.792 million Turin, 892,000 Bergamo, 851,000 Palermo (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
31 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Physicians density
1.29 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
3.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
27.8% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
65.1% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 55.4
youth dependency ratio: 47.8
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
potential support ratio: 13.2 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 57
youth dependency ratio: 20.4
elderly dependency ratio: 36.6
potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook