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Sweden vs. Denmark

Demographics

SwedenDenmark
Population
10,040,995 (July 2018 est.)
5,809,502 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 17.54% (male 904,957 /female 855,946)
15-24 years: 11.06% (male 573,595 /female 537,358)
25-54 years: 39.37% (male 2,005,422 /female 1,947,245)
55-64 years: 11.67% (male 588,314 /female 583,002)
65 years and over: 20.37% (male 946,170 /female 1,098,986) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 16.57% (male 493,829 /female 468,548)
15-24 years: 12.67% (male 377,094 /female 358,807)
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 1,147,196 /female 1,119,967)
55-64 years: 12.33% (male 356,860 /female 359,264)
65 years and over: 19.42% (male 518,200 /female 609,737) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 41.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.1 years
female: 42.2 years
total: 41.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.8 years
female: 42.9 years
Population growth rate
0.8% (2018 est.)
0.59% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
12.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
5.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 80.3 years
female: 84.3 years
total population: 81 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.1 years
female: 83.1 years
Total fertility rate
1.87 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2016 est.)
0.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Swede(s)
adjective: Swedish
noun: Dane(s)
adjective: Danish
Ethnic groups

Swedish 80.9%, Syrian 1.8%, Finnish 1.4%, Iraqi 1.4%, other 14.5%

(2018 est.)
note: data represent the population by country of birth; the indigenous Sami people are estimated to number between 20,000 and 40,000
Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.)

note: data represent population by ancestry

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
11,000 (2016 est.)
6,200 (2018 est.)
Religions
Church of Sweden (Lutheran) 60.2%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 8.5%, none or unspecified 31.3% (2017 est.)

note: estimates reflect registered members of faith communities eligible for state funding (not all religions are state-funded and not all people who identify with a particular religion are registered members); an estimated 57.7% of Sweden's population were members of the Church of Sweden in 2018

Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.7%, Muslim 5.5%, other/none/unspecified (denominations of less than 1% each in descending order of size include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, Buddhist, Mormon, Pentecostal, and nondenominational Christian) 19.8% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
<100 (2018 est.)
Languages
Swedish (official)

note: Finnish, Sami, Romani, Yiddish, and Meankieli are official minority languages

Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)

note: English is the predominant second language

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2016)
total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2016)
Education expenditures
7.6% of GDP (2015)
7.6% of GDP (2014)
Urbanization
urban population: 87.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.05% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 88% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
1.608 million STOCKHOLM (capital) (2019)
1.334 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
11% (2015)
10.4% (2016)
Physicians density
5.4 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
4.46 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
2.4 beds/1,000 population (2015)
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.6% (2016)
19.7% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.1 years (2015 est.)
29.1 years (2015 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 58.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 27.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 31.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 56 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 26.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 29.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook