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Spain vs. India

Demographics

SpainIndia
Population48,958,159 (July 2017 est.)
1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.38% (male 3,872,763/female 3,656,549)
15-24 years: 9.58% (male 2,424,352/female 2,267,429)
25-54 years: 44.91% (male 11,214,102/female 10,775,039)
55-64 years: 12.14% (male 2,899,088/female 3,044,111)
65 years and over: 17.98% (male 3,763,989/female 5,040,737) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 27.34% (male 186,087,665/female 164,398,204)
15-24 years: 17.9% (male 121,879,786/female 107,583,437)
25-54 years: 41.08% (male 271,744,709/female 254,834,569)
55-64 years: 7.45% (male 47,846,122/female 47,632,532)
65 years and over: 6.24% (male 37,837,801/female 42,091,086) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.7 years
male: 41.5 years
female: 43.9 years (2017 est.)
total: 27.9 years
male: 27.2 years
female: 28.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.78% (2017 est.)
1.17% (2017 est.)
Birth rate9.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
19 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate7.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 39.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.8 years
male: 78.8 years
female: 84.9 years (2017 est.)
total population: 68.8 years
male: 67.6 years
female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)
2.43 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
0.3% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groupscomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS140,000 (2016 est.)
2.1 million (2016 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 67.8%, atheist 9.1%, other 2.2%, non-believer 18.4%, unspecified 2.5% (2016 est.)
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
62,000 (2016 est.)
LanguagesCastilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)
note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
male: 81.3%
female: 60.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2015)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2014)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2013)
3.8% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 80% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla
urban population: 33.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 94.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 62.6% of population
rural: 28.5% of population
total: 39.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 37.4% of population
rural: 71.5% of population
total: 60.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMADRID (capital) 6.199 million; Barcelona 5.258 million; Valencia 810,000 (2015)
NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
174 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures9% of GDP (2014)
4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.82 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
0.73 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.8% (2016)
3.9% (2016)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51
youth dependency ratio: 22.5
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52.2
youth dependency ratio: 43.6
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook