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Spain vs. India

Demographics

SpainIndia
Population
49,331,076 (July 2018 est.)
1,296,834,042 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.29% (male 3,879,229 /female 3,664,016)
15-24 years: 9.65% (male 2,458,486 /female 2,299,523)
25-54 years: 44.54% (male 11,208,598 /female 10,762,651)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 2,980,206 /female 3,125,949)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 3,833,601 /female 5,118,817) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 26.98% (male 185,736,879 /female 164,194,080)
15-24 years: 17.79% (male 122,573,662 /female 108,109,968)
25-54 years: 41.24% (male 276,283,581 /female 258,563,835)
55-64 years: 7.6% (male 49,334,703 /female 49,197,817)
65 years and over: 6.39% (male 39,184,523 /female 43,654,994) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 43.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.9 years
female: 44.3 years
total: 28.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 27.5 years
female: 28.9 years
Population growth rate
0.73% (2018 est.)
1.14% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
18.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 37.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 36.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.8 years
female: 85 years
total population: 69.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.8 years
female: 70.5 years
Total fertility rate
1.5 children born/woman (2018 est.)
2.4 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2018 est.)
0.2% (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groups
Spanish 86.4%, Morocco 1.8%, Romania 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
note: data represent population by country of birth
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
150,000 (2018 est.)
2.1 million (2017 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
69,000 (2017 est.)
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Hindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6% (2011 est.)

note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; there are 22 other officially recognized languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
male: 81.3%
female: 60.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2015)
3.8% of GDP (2013)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla

urban population: 34.5% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 94.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 62.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 28.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 39.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 37.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 71.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 60.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
6.559 million MADRID (capital), 5.541 million Barcelona, 832,000 Valencia (2019)
29.399 million NEW DELHI (capital), 20.185 million Mumbai, 14.755 million Kolkata, 11.883 million Bangalore, 10.711 million Chennai, 9.741 million Hyderabad (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
145 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2015)
3.9% (2015)
Physicians density
4.07 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
0.78 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.8% (2016)
3.9% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
70.9% (2016)
53.5% (2015/16)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 43.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook