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Spain vs. China

Demographics

SpainChina
Population
49,331,076 (July 2018 est.)
1,384,688,986 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.29% (male 3,879,229 /female 3,664,016)
15-24 years: 9.65% (male 2,458,486 /female 2,299,523)
25-54 years: 44.54% (male 11,208,598 /female 10,762,651)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 2,980,206 /female 3,125,949)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 3,833,601 /female 5,118,817) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 17.22% (male 128,270,371 /female 110,120,535)
15-24 years: 12.32% (male 91,443,139 /female 79,181,726)
25-54 years: 47.84% (male 338,189,015 /female 324,180,103)
55-64 years: 11.35% (male 79,340,391 /female 77,857,806)
65 years and over: 11.27% (male 74,277,631 /female 81,828,269) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 43.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.9 years
female: 44.3 years
total: 37.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 36.8 years
female: 38.8 years
Population growth rate
0.73% (2018 est.)
0.37% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
12.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.13 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 11.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 12.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.8 years
female: 85 years
total population: 75.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.7 years
female: 78.1 years
Total fertility rate
1.5 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.6 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2018 est.)
NA
Nationality
noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups
Spanish 86.4%, Morocco 1.8%, Romania 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
note: data represent population by country of birth
Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1% (2010 est.)

note: the Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
150,000 (2018 est.)
NA
Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)
Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2% (2010 est.)

note: officially atheist

HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
NA
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2015)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2015)
NA
Urbanization
urban population: 80.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla

urban population: 60.3% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data do not include Hong Kong and Macau

Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 86.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 63.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 76.5% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 36.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 23.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
6.559 million MADRID (capital), 5.541 million Barcelona, 832,000 Valencia (2019)
26.317 million Shanghai, 20.035 million BEIJING (capital), 15.354 million Chongqing, 12.968 million Guangzhou, 13.396 million Tianjin, 12.129 million Shenzhen (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
29 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2015)
5% (2016)
Physicians density
4.07 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
1.79 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
4.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.8% (2016)
6.2% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
70.9% (2016)
84.5% (2017)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 37.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 24.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 13.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 7.5 (2015 est.)
data do not include Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan

Source: CIA Factbook