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Spain vs. China

Demographics

SpainChina
Population48,958,159 (July 2017 est.)
1,379,302,771 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.38% (male 3,872,763/female 3,656,549)
15-24 years: 9.58% (male 2,424,352/female 2,267,429)
25-54 years: 44.91% (male 11,214,102/female 10,775,039)
55-64 years: 12.14% (male 2,899,088/female 3,044,111)
65 years and over: 17.98% (male 3,763,989/female 5,040,737) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 17.15% (male 127,484,177/female 109,113,241)
15-24 years: 12.78% (male 94,215,607/female 82,050,623)
25-54 years: 48.51% (male 341,466,438/female 327,661,460)
55-64 years: 10.75% (male 74,771,050/female 73,441,177)
65 years and over: 10.81% (male 71,103,029/female 77,995,969) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.7 years
male: 41.5 years
female: 43.9 years (2017 est.)
total: 37.4 years
male: 36.5 years
female: 38.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.78% (2017 est.)
0.41% (2017 est.)
Birth rate9.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
12.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate7.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.8 years
male: 78.8 years
female: 84.9 years (2017 est.)
total population: 75.7 years
male: 73.6 years
female: 78 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
NA
Nationalitynoun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groupscomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1%
note: the Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS140,000 (2016 est.)
NA
ReligionsRoman Catholic 67.8%, atheist 9.1%, other 2.2%, non-believer 18.4%, unspecified 2.5% (2016 est.)
Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%
note: officially atheist (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
NA
LanguagesCastilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)
note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2015)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2015)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2013)
NA
Urbanizationurban population: 80% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla
urban population: 57.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data do not include Hong Kong and Macau
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 86.6% of population
rural: 63.7% of population
total: 76.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.4% of population
rural: 36.3% of population
total: 23.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMADRID (capital) 6.199 million; Barcelona 5.258 million; Valencia 810,000 (2015)
Shanghai 23.741 million; BEIJING (capital) 20.384 million; Chongqing 13.332 million; Guangdong 12.458 million; Tianjin 11.21 million; Shenzhen 10.749 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
27 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures9% of GDP (2014)
5.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.82 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.8% (2016)
6.2% (2016)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51
youth dependency ratio: 22.5
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 37.7
youth dependency ratio: 24.3
elderly dependency ratio: 13.3
potential support ratio: 7.5
data do not include Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook