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Senegal vs. Italy

Demographics

SenegalItaly
Population
15,736,368 (July 2020 est.)
62,402,659 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 40.38% (male 3,194,454/female 3,160,111)
15-24 years: 20.35% (male 1,596,896/female 1,606,084)
25-54 years: 31.95% (male 2,327,424/female 2,700,698)
55-64 years: 4.21% (male 283,480/female 378,932)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 212,332/female 275,957) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 13.45% (male 4,292,431/female 4,097,732)
15-24 years: 9.61% (male 3,005,402/female 2,989,764)
25-54 years: 40.86% (male 12,577,764/female 12,921,614)
55-64 years: 14% (male 4,243,735/female 4,493,581)
65 years and over: 22.08% (male 5,949,560/female 7,831,076) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.4 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 20.3 years (2020 est.)
total: 46.5 years
male: 45.4 years
female: 47.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.31% (2020 est.)
0.11% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
31.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 93.8 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 45.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 63.2 years
male: 61.1 years
female: 65.4 years (2020 est.)
total population: 82.5 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 85.3 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.04 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.47 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2019 est.)
0.3% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groups
Wolof 37.1%, Pular 26.2%, Serer 17%, Mandinka 5.6%, Jola 4.5%, Soninke 1.4%, other 8.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2017 est.)
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
41,000 (2019 est.)
130,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 95.9% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.1% (mostly Roman Catholic) (2016 est.)
Christian 83.3% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated 12.4%, other 0.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
1,200 (2019 est.)
<1000 (2019 est.)
Languages
French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.9%
male: 64.8%
female: 39.8% (2017)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2018)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis
respiratory diseases: Covid-19 (see note) (2020)
note: a new coronavirus is causing sustained community spread of respiratory illness (COVID-19) in Italy; sustained community spread means that people have been infected with the virus, but how or where they became infected is not known, and the spread is ongoing; illness with this virus has ranged from mild to severe with fatalities reported; as of 10 November 2020, Italy has reported a total of 902,490 cases of COVID-19 or 14,927 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 679 cumulative deaths per 1 million population; the US Department of State has issued a Travel Advisory to reconsider travel to Italy due to the recent outbreak of COVID-19; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has also recommended postponing nonessential travel to Italy at this time and published additional guidance at https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/alert/coronavirus-italy; the US Department of Homeland Security has issued instructions requiring US passengers who have been in Italy to travel through select airports where the US Government has implemented enhanced screening procedures
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 9 years
male: 8 years
female: 9 years (2019)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.8% of GDP (2017)
3.8% of GDP (2016)
Urbanization
urban population: 48.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 71% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 83.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.7% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 16.7% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 91.2% of population
rural: 48.5% of population
total: 68.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.8% of population
rural: 51.5% of population
total: 31.6% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
3.140 million DAKAR (capital) (2020)
4.257 million ROME (capital), 3.140 million Milan, 2.187 million Naples, 1.792 million Turin, 892,000 Bergamo, 851,000 Palermo (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
315 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
4.1% (2017)
8.8% (2017)
Physicians density
0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
3.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
8.8% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.9 years (2018 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

31.1 years (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
27.8% (2017)
65.1% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 84.2
youth dependency ratio: 78.4
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7
potential support ratio: 17.5 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 57
youth dependency ratio: 20.4
elderly dependency ratio: 36.6
potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook