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Senegal vs. Italy

Demographics

SenegalItaly
Population14,668,522 (July 2017 est.)
62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.51% (male 3,060,118/female 3,028,975)
15-24 years: 20.33% (male 1,486,393/female 1,496,393)
25-54 years: 31.19% (male 2,102,757/female 2,472,683)
55-64 years: 3.98% (male 251,673/female 332,113)
65 years and over: 2.98% (male 194,491/female 242,926) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 13.65% (male 4,334,457/female 4,146,726)
15-24 years: 9.66% (male 3,008,228/female 2,996,854)
25-54 years: 42.16% (male 12,933,634/female 13,265,541)
55-64 years: 12.99% (male 3,914,061/female 4,159,859)
65 years and over: 21.53% (male 5,758,197/female 7,620,245) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.8 years
male: 18 years
female: 19.7 years (2017 est.)
total: 45.5 years
male: 44.4 years
female: 46.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.39% (2017 est.)
0.19% (2017 est.)
Birth rate33.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 49.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.1 years
male: 60 years
female: 64.3 years (2017 est.)
total population: 82.3 years
male: 79.6 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.28 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.44 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
0.3% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsWolof 38.6%, Pular 26.6%, Serer 14.9%, Mandinka 4.6%, Jola 4.1%, Soninke 2.3%, other 8.9% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 est.)
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS41,000 (2016 est.)
130,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 95.3% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.3% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 est.)
Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,900 (2016 est.)

LanguagesFrench (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 69.7%
female: 46.6% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2015)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures7.2% of GDP (2014)
4.2% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 44.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 69.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.9% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 78.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.1% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 21.5% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 65.4% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34.6% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved::
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationDAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)
ROME (capital) 3.718 million; Milan 3.099 million; Naples 2.202 million; Turin 1.765 million; Palermo 853,000; Bergamo 840,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate315 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2014)
9.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
3.95 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.8% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.5 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2016 est.)
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 85.4
youth dependency ratio: 79.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6
potential support ratio: 18 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 35
potential support ratio: 2.9 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook