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Netherlands vs. Germany

Demographics

NetherlandsGermany
Population
17,151,228 (July 2018 est.)
80,457,737 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.28% (male 1,428,837 /female 1,362,686)
15-24 years: 12.03% (male 1,052,357 /female 1,011,710)
25-54 years: 39.18% (male 3,371,698 /female 3,348,595)
55-64 years: 13.41% (male 1,143,824 /female 1,155,751)
65 years and over: 19.1% (male 1,487,278 /female 1,788,492) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 12.83% (male 5,299,798 /female 5,024,184)
15-24 years: 9.98% (male 4,092,901 /female 3,933,997)
25-54 years: 39.87% (male 16,181,931 /female 15,896,528)
55-64 years: 14.96% (male 5,989,111 /female 6,047,449)
65 years and over: 22.36% (male 7,930,590 /female 10,061,248) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 42.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.6 years
female: 43.8 years
total: 47.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 46.2 years
female: 48.5 years
Population growth rate
0.38% (2018 est.)
-0.17% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
8.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
11.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.3 years
female: 83.8 years
total population: 80.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.6 years
female: 83.4 years
Total fertility rate
1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.46 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2017 est.)
0.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)
adjective: Dutch
noun: German(s)
adjective: German
Ethnic groups
Dutch 76.9%, EU 6.4%, Turkish 2.4%, Moroccan 2.3%, Indonesian 2.1%, German 2.1%, Surinamese 2%, Polish 1%, other 4.8% (2018 est.)
German 87.2%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, other 9% (2017 est.)

note:  data represent population by nationality
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
23,000 (2017 est.)
87,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 23.6%, Protestant 14.9% (includes Dutch Reformed 6.4%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands 5.6%, Calvinist 2.9%), Muslim 5.1%, other 5.6% (includes Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish), none 50.7% (2017 est.)
Roman Catholic 28.2%, Protestant 26%, Muslim 5%, Orthodox 1.9%, other Christian 1.1%, other .9%, none 37% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
100 (2018 est.)
<500 (2018 est.)
Languages
Dutch (official)

note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands; English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba; Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire

German (official)

note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5.4% of GDP (2015)
4.8% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 91.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 77.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.27% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 97.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 2.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.2% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
1.14 million AMSTERDAM (capital), 1.009 million Rotterdam (2019)
3.557 million BERLIN (capital), 1.791 million Hamburg, 1.521 million Munich, 1.108 million Cologne (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
10.7% (2015)
11.2% (2015)
Physicians density
3.51 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
4.21 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
4.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
8.3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.4% (2016)
22.3% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2015 est.)
29.4 years (2015 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-45

80.3% (2011)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 25.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 27.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 19.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 32.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook