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Netherlands vs. Belgium

Demographics

NetherlandsBelgium
Population
17,151,228 (July 2018 est.)
11,570,762 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.28% (male 1,428,837 /female 1,362,686)
15-24 years: 12.03% (male 1,052,357 /female 1,011,710)
25-54 years: 39.18% (male 3,371,698 /female 3,348,595)
55-64 years: 13.41% (male 1,143,824 /female 1,155,751)
65 years and over: 19.1% (male 1,487,278 /female 1,788,492) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 17.2% (male 1,019,427 /female 970,845)
15-24 years: 11.25% (male 664,789 /female 636,452)
25-54 years: 39.82% (male 2,323,488 /female 2,283,533)
55-64 years: 12.96% (male 742,842 /female 756,509)
65 years and over: 18.78% (male 948,956 /female 1,223,921) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 42.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.6 years
female: 43.8 years
total: 41.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.3 years
female: 42.7 years
Population growth rate
0.38% (2018 est.)
0.67% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
11.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
5.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.3 years
female: 83.8 years
total population: 81.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.6 years
female: 83.9 years
Total fertility rate
1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2017 est.)
NA
Nationality
noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)
adjective: Dutch
noun: Belgian(s)
adjective: Belgian
Ethnic groups
Dutch 76.9%, EU 6.4%, Turkish 2.4%, Moroccan 2.3%, Indonesian 2.1%, German 2.1%, Surinamese 2%, Polish 1%, other 4.8% (2018 est.)
Belgian 75.2%, Italian 4.1%, Moroccan 3.7%, French 2.4%, Turkish 2%, Dutch 2%, other 10.6% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
23,000 (2017 est.)
NA
Religions
Roman Catholic 23.6%, Protestant 14.9% (includes Dutch Reformed 6.4%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands 5.6%, Calvinist 2.9%), Muslim 5.1%, other 5.6% (includes Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish), none 50.7% (2017 est.)
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant and other Christian 2.5%, Muslim 5%, Jewish 0.4%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, none 32.6% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
100 (2018 est.)
NA
Languages
Dutch (official)

note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands; English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba; Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire

Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 21 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5.4% of GDP (2015)
6.6% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 91.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.74% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 98% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.62% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 97.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 2.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 99.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.5% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
1.14 million AMSTERDAM (capital), 1.009 million Rotterdam (2019)
2.065 million BRUSSELS (capital), 1.037 million Antwerp (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
10.7% (2015)
10% (2016)
Physicians density
3.51 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
3.32 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
4.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
6.2 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.4% (2016)
22.1% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2015 est.)
28.6 years (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-45

66.8% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 15-54

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 25.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 27.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 54.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 26.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook