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Morocco vs. Italy

Demographics

MoroccoItaly
Population33,986,655 (July 2017 est.)
62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.77% (male 4,450,360/female 4,308,955)
15-24 years: 17.04% (male 2,879,828/female 2,910,029)
25-54 years: 42.32% (male 6,956,186/female 7,428,129)
55-64 years: 8.13% (male 1,365,611/female 1,398,553)
65 years and over: 6.74% (male 1,034,188/female 1,254,816) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 13.65% (male 4,334,457/female 4,146,726)
15-24 years: 9.66% (male 3,008,228/female 2,996,854)
25-54 years: 42.16% (male 12,933,634/female 13,265,541)
55-64 years: 12.99% (male 3,914,061/female 4,159,859)
65 years and over: 21.53% (male 5,758,197/female 7,620,245) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.3 years
male: 28.6 years
female: 29.9 years (2017 est.)
total: 45.5 years
male: 44.4 years
female: 46.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.97% (2017 est.)
0.19% (2017 est.)
Birth rate17.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.1 years
male: 74 years
female: 80.3 years (2017 est.)
total population: 82.3 years
male: 79.6 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.11 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.44 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
0.3% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Moroccan(s)
adjective: Moroccan
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsArab-Berber 99%, other 1%
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS22,000 (2016 est.)
130,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha'i); note - Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)
Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2016 est.)

LanguagesArabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.5%
male: 78.6%
female: 58.8% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 13 years
female: 12 years (2012)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2009)
4.2% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 61.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.92% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 69.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.7% of population
rural: 65.3% of population
total: 85.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.3% of population
rural: 34.7% of population
total: 14.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 84.1% of population
rural: 65.5% of population
total: 76.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.9% of population
rural: 34.5% of population
total: 23.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved::
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationCasablanca 3.515 million; RABAT (capital) 1.967 million; Fes 1.172 million; Marrakech 1.134 million; Tangier 982,000 (2015)
ROME (capital) 3.718 million; Milan 3.099 million; Naples 2.202 million; Turin 1.765 million; Palermo 853,000; Bergamo 840,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate121 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2014)
9.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.62 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
3.95 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.1% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.6
youth dependency ratio: 41.9
elderly dependency ratio: 9.7
potential support ratio: 10.3 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 35
potential support ratio: 2.9 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook