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India vs. Sri Lanka

Transportation

IndiaSri Lanka
Railwaystotal: 68,525 km
broad gauge: 58,404 km 1.676-m gauge (23,654 electrified)
narrow gauge: 9,499 km 1.000-m gauge; 622 km 0.762-m gauge (2014)
total: 1,447 km
broad gauge: 1,447 km 1.676-m gauge (2014)
Roadwaystotal: 4,699,024 km
note: includes 96,214 km of national highways and expressways, 147,800 km of state highways, and 4,455,010 km of other roads (2015)
total: 114,093 km
paved: 16,977 km
unpaved: 97,116 km (2010)
Waterways14,500 km (5,200 km on major rivers and 485 km on canals suitable for mechanized vessels) (2012)
160 km (primarily on rivers in southwest) (2012)
Ports and terminalsmajor seaport(s): Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam
container port(s) (TEUs): Chennai (1,571,000), Jawaharal Nehru Port (4,492,000) (2015)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Dabhol, Dahej, Hazira
major seaport(s): Colombo
container port(s) (TEUs): Colombo (3,651,963)
Merchant marinetotal: 1,674
by type: bulk carrier 74, container ship 20, general cargo 571, oil tanker 126, other 883 (2017)
total: 82
by type: bulk carrier 8, container ship 1, general cargo 9, oil tanker 10, other 54 (2017)
Airports346 (2013)
19 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 253
over 3,047 m: 22
2,438 to 3,047 m: 59
1,524 to 2,437 m: 76
914 to 1,523 m: 82
under 914 m: 14 (2017)
total: 15
over 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runwaystotal: 93
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 38
under 914 m: 45 (2013)
total: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 3 (2013)
Heliports45 (2013)
1 (2013)
National air transport systemnumber of registered air carriers: 20
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 485
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 98,927,860
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 1,833,847,614 mt-km (2015)
number of registered air carriers: 3
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 25
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 4,911,730
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 381,381,300 mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefixVT (2016)
4R (2016)

Source: CIA Factbook