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Hong Kong vs. China

Demographics

Hong KongChina
Population7,263,234 (July 2021 est.)1,397,897,720 (July 2021 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 12.81% (male 490,477/female 437,971)

15-24 years: 8.81% (male 334,836/female 303,897)

25-54 years: 42.66% (male 1,328,529/female 1,763,970)

55-64 years: 17.24% (male 582,047/female 668,051)

65 years and over: 18.48% (male 625,453/female 714,676) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 17.29% (male 129,296,339/female 111,782,427)

15-24 years: 11.48% (male 86,129,841/female 73,876,148)

25-54 years: 46.81% (male 333,789,731/female 318,711,557)

55-64 years: 12.08% (male 84,827,645/female 83,557,507)

65 years and over: 12.34% (male 81,586,490/female 90,458,292) (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 45.6 years

male: 44.2 years

female: 46.5 years (2020 est.)
total: 38.4 years

male: 37.5 years

female: 39.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.2% (2021 est.)0.26% (2021 est.)
Birth rate8.23 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)11.3 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate7.92 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)8.26 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate1.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)-0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.75 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female

total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.16 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.17 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female

total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.59 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 2.86 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
total: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 83.41 years

male: 80.71 years

female: 86.28 years (2021 est.)
total population: 76.31 years

male: 74.23 years

female: 78.62 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.22 children born/woman (2021 est.)1.6 children born/woman (2021 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNANA
Nationalitynoun: Chinese/Hong Konger

adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)

adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groupsChinese 92%, Filipino 2.5%, Indonesian 2.1%, other 3.4% (2016 est.)Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1% (2010 est.)

note: the Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNANA
ReligionsBuddhist or Taoist 27.9%, Protestant 6.7%, Roman Catholic 5.3%, Muslim 4.2%, Hindu 1.4%, Sikh 0.2%, other or none 54.3% (2016 est.)

note: many people practice Confucianism, regardless of their religion or not having a religious affiliation
folk religion 21.9%, Buddhist 18.3%, Christian 5.2%, Muslim 2%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 51.8% (2020 est.)

note: officially atheist
HIV/AIDS - deathsNANA
LanguagesCantonese (official) 88.9%, English (official) 4.3%, Mandarin (official) 1.9%, other Chinese dialects 3.1%, other 1.9% (2016 est.)

major-language sample(s):
????,???????????? (Cantonese)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry); note - Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)

major-language sample(s):
????  –  ??????????? (Mandarin)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years

male: 17 years

female: 18 years (2019)
total: 14 years

male: 14 years

female: 14 years (2015)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2019)NA
Urbanizationurban population: 100% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.58% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 62.5% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

note: data do not include Hong Kong and Macau
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: -1% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 97.7% of population

rural: 87.8% of population

total: 92.8% of population

unimproved: urban: 2.3% of population

rural: 12.2% of population

total: 7.2% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 96.4% of population

total: 96.4% of population

unimproved: urban: 3.6% of population

total: 3.6% of population (2017)
improved: urban: 97.1% of population

rural: 82% of population

total: 90.7% of population

unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population

rural: 18% of population

total: 9.3% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population7.598 million Hong Kong (2021)27.796 million Shanghai, 20.897 million BEIJING (capital), 16.382 million Chongqing, 13.794 million Tianjin, 13.635 million Guangzhou, 12.592 million Shenzhen (2021)
Physicians density2 physicians/1,000 population (2019)1.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density5.4 beds/1,000 population (2018)4.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.7% (2017)84.5% (2017)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.7

youth dependency ratio: 18.3

elderly dependency ratio: 26.3

potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 42.2

youth dependency ratio: 25.2

elderly dependency ratio: 17

potential support ratio: 5.9 (2020 est.)

data do not include Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan

Source: CIA Factbook