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Germany vs. Italy

Demographics

GermanyItaly
Population
80,159,662 (July 2020 est.)
62,402,659 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 12.89% (male 5,302,850/female 5,025,863)
15-24 years: 9.81% (male 4,012,412/female 3,854,471)
25-54 years: 38.58% (male 15,553,328/female 15,370,417)
55-64 years: 15.74% (male 6,297,886/female 6,316,024)
65 years and over: 22.99% (male 8,148,873/female 10,277,538) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 13.45% (male 4,292,431/female 4,097,732)
15-24 years: 9.61% (male 3,005,402/female 2,989,764)
25-54 years: 40.86% (male 12,577,764/female 12,921,614)
55-64 years: 14% (male 4,243,735/female 4,493,581)
65 years and over: 22.08% (male 5,949,560/female 7,831,076) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 47.8 years
male: 46.5 years
female: 49.1 years (2020 est.)
total: 46.5 years
male: 45.4 years
female: 47.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.19% (2020 est.)
0.11% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
12.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 96.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.1 years
male: 78.7 years
female: 83.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 82.5 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 85.3 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.47 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.47 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018 est.)
0.3% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: German(s)
adjective: German
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groups
German 87.2%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, other 9% (2017 est.)

note:  data represent population by nationality
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
87,000 (2018 est.)
130,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 27.7%, Protestant 25.5%, Muslim 5.1%, Orthodox 1.9%, other Christian 1.1%, other .9%, none 37.8% (2018 est.)
Christian 83.3% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated 12.4%, other 0.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
<1000 (2019 est.)
Languages
German (official)

note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2018)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.8% of GDP (2016)
3.8% of GDP (2016)
Urbanization
urban population: 77.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.27% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 71% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
3.562 million BERLIN (capital), 1.790 million Hamburg, 1.538 million Munich, 1.119 million Cologne (2020)
4.257 million ROME (capital), 3.140 million Milan, 2.187 million Naples, 1.792 million Turin, 892,000 Bergamo, 851,000 Palermo (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
11.2% (2017)
8.8% (2017)
Physicians density
4.25 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
8 beds/1,000 population (2017)
3.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.3% (2016)
19.9% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2017 est.)
31.1 years (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
80.3% (2011)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

65.1% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 55.4
youth dependency ratio: 21.7
elderly dependency ratio: 33.7
potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 57
youth dependency ratio: 20.4
elderly dependency ratio: 36.6
potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook