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Egypt vs. Sudan

Demographics

EgyptSudan
Population
99,413,317 (July 2018 est.)
43,120,843 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 33.38% (male 17,177,977 /female 16,007,877)
15-24 years: 18.65% (male 9,551,309 /female 8,988,006)
25-54 years: 37.71% (male 19,053,300 /female 18,431,808)
55-64 years: 5.99% (male 2,956,535 /female 2,995,497)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 2,058,217 /female 2,192,791) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 43.07% (male 9,434,634 /female 9,136,951)
15-24 years: 20.22% (male 4,459,335 /female 4,259,341)
25-54 years: 29.8% (male 6,236,954 /female 6,612,593)
55-64 years: 3.93% (male 876,614 /female 819,048)
65 years and over: 2.98% (male 688,391 /female 596,982) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 23.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.3 years
total: 17.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.1 years
Population growth rate
2.38% (2018 est.)
2.93% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
28.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
34.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
6.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.15 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 49.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.8 years
female: 74.7 years
total population: 65.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 63.7 years
female: 68.1 years
Total fertility rate
3.41 children born/woman (2018 est.)
4.85 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
0.2% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Ethnic groups
Egyptian 99.7%, other 0.3% (2006 est.)

note: data represent respondents by nationality

unspecified Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
22,000 (2018 est.)
59,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
2,900 (2018 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Arabic, English, and French widely understood by educated classes
Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.8%
male: 86.5%
female: 75% (2017 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.9%
male: 83.3%
female: 68.6% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2016)
total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2015)
Education expenditures
NA
2.2% of GDP (2009)
Urbanization
urban population: 42.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 34.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 66% of population
rural: 50.2% of population
total: 55.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 34% of population
rural: 49.8% of population
total: 44.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 93.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 6.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 43.9% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 13.4% of population (2012 est.)
total: 23.6% of population (2012 est.)
unimproved: urban: 56.1% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 86.6% of population (2012 est.)
total: 76.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major cities - population
20.485 million CAIRO (capital), 5.182 million Alexandria (2019)
5.678 million KHARTOUM (capital), 878,000 Nyala (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
295 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
7% (2014)
33.5% (2014)
Health expenditures
4.6% (2016)
6.3% (2015)
Physicians density
0.79 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
0.41 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
1.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
32% (2016)
6.6% (2014)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
58.5% (2014)
12.2% (2014)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 61.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 53.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 81.6 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 75.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 15.9 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook