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Egypt vs. Israel

Demographics

EgyptIsrael
Population
99,413,317 (July 2018 est.)
8,424,904 (includes populations of the Golan Heights or Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2018 est.)

note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)

Age structure
0-14 years: 33.38% (male 17,177,977 /female 16,007,877)
15-24 years: 18.65% (male 9,551,309 /female 8,988,006)
25-54 years: 37.71% (male 19,053,300 /female 18,431,808)
55-64 years: 5.99% (male 2,956,535 /female 2,995,497)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 2,058,217 /female 2,192,791) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 27.26% (male 1,175,106 /female 1,121,309)
15-24 years: 15.58% (male 670,121 /female 642,155)
25-54 years: 37.19% (male 1,601,516 /female 1,531,849)
55-64 years: 8.42% (male 350,050 /female 359,578)
65 years and over: 11.55% (male 437,511 /female 535,709) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 23.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.3 years
total: 30.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 29.5 years
female: 30.7 years
Population growth rate
2.38% (2018 est.)
1.49% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
28.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
17.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.8 years
female: 74.7 years
total population: 82.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 80.8 years
female: 84.7 years
Total fertility rate
3.41 children born/woman (2018 est.)
2.63 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
0.2% (2018)
Nationality
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groups
Egyptian 99.7%, other 0.3% (2006 est.)

note: data represent respondents by nationality

Jewish 74.4% (of which Israel-born 76.9%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 15.9%, Africa-born 4.6%, Asia-born 2.6%), Arab 20.9%, other 4.7% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
22,000 (2018 est.)
9,000 (2018)
Religions
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
Jewish 74.7%, Muslim 17.7%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
<100 (2018)
Languages
Arabic (official), Arabic, English, and French widely understood by educated classes
Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.8%
male: 86.5%
female: 75% (2017 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2016)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2016)
Education expenditures
NA
5.9% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 42.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 92.5% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.64% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 93.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 6.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
20.485 million CAIRO (capital), 5.182 million Alexandria (2019)
4.097 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.141 million Haifa, 919,000 JERUSALEM (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
4.6% (2016)
7.4% (2015)
Physicians density
0.79 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
3.22 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
32% (2016)
26.1% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.7 years (2014 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

27.6 years (2015 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 61.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 53.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 64.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 45.7 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook