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Egypt vs. Gaza Strip

Demographics

EgyptGaza Strip
Population
99,413,317 (July 2018 est.)
1,836,713 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 33.38% (male 17,177,977 /female 16,007,877)
15-24 years: 18.65% (male 9,551,309 /female 8,988,006)
25-54 years: 37.71% (male 19,053,300 /female 18,431,808)
55-64 years: 5.99% (male 2,956,535 /female 2,995,497)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 2,058,217 /female 2,192,791) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 44.1% (male 415,746 /female 394,195)
15-24 years: 21.34% (male 197,797 /female 194,112)
25-54 years: 28.5% (male 256,103 /female 267,285)
55-64 years: 3.48% (male 33,413 /female 30,592)
65 years and over: 2.58% (male 24,863 /female 22,607) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 23.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.3 years
total: 17.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 17.1 years
female: 17.8 years
Population growth rate
2.38% (2018 est.)
2.25% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
28.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
30.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 16 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.8 years
female: 74.7 years
total population: 74.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.7 years
female: 76.2 years
Total fertility rate
3.41 children born/woman (2018 est.)
3.97 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
NA
Nationality
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
noun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groups
Egyptian 99.7%, other 0.3% (2006 est.)

note: data represent respondents by nationality

Palestinian Arab
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
22,000 (2018 est.)
NA
Religions
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
Muslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)

note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then

HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
NA
Languages
Arabic (official), Arabic, English, and French widely understood by educated classes
Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.8%
male: 86.5%
female: 75% (2017 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2% (2016 est.)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2016)
total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2017)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Education expenditures
NA
5.3% of GDP (2017)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Urbanization
urban population: 42.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 76.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population (2015 est.)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 93.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 6.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 93% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 90.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 92.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 9.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 7.7% of population (2015 est.)

note: note includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
27 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Children under the age of 5 years underweight
7% (2014)
1.4% (2014)

note: estimate is for Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Physicians density
0.79 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.2 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
1.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
58.5% (2014)
57.2% (2014)
note:  includes Gaza Strip and West Bank
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 61.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 53.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 75.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 70.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 19.1 (2015 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Source: CIA Factbook