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Democratic Republic of the Congo vs. Central African Republic

Demographics

Democratic Republic of the CongoCentral African Republic
Population83,301,151
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
5,625,118
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.74% (male 17,525,063/female 17,241,929)
15-24 years: 21.46% (male 8,969,922/female 8,909,903)
25-54 years: 30.53% (male 12,691,612/female 12,738,316)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 1,421,619/female 1,579,034)
65 years and over: 2.67% (male 941,926/female 1,281,827) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 40.09% (male 1,133,361/female 1,121,640)
15-24 years: 19.94% (male 563,730/female 557,676)
25-54 years: 32.45% (male 913,363/female 912,096)
55-64 years: 4.1% (male 106,651/female 123,839)
65 years and over: 3.43% (male 74,834/female 117,928) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.6 years
male: 18.3 years
female: 18.8 years (2017 est.)
total: 19.7 years
male: 19.4 years
female: 20 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.37% (2017 est.)
2.12% (2017 est.)
Birth rate33.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
34.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 68.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 71.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 64.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 86.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 93.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 78.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 57.7 years
male: 56.1 years
female: 59.3 years (2017 est.)
total population: 52.8 years
male: 51.4 years
female: 54.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.39 children born/woman (2017 est.)
4.3 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2016 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
Ethnic groupsover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS370,000 (2016 est.)
130,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
HIV/AIDS - deaths19,000 (2016 est.)
7,300 (2016 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 77%
male: 88.5%
female: 66.5% (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 36.8%
male: 50.7%
female: 24.4% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2013)
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 6 years (2012)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2013)
1.2% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.83% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 40.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 81.1% of population
rural: 31.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.9% of population
rural: 68.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 68.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 28.5% of population
rural: 28.7% of population
total: 28.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 71.5% of population
rural: 71.3% of population
total: 71.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 21.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 78.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationKINSHASA (capital) 11.587 million; Lubumbashi 2.015 million; Mbuji-Mayi 2.007 million; Kananga 1.169 million; Kisangani 1.04 million; Bukavu 832,000 (2015)
BANGUI (capital) 794,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate693 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
882 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight23.4% (2013)
23.5% (2010)
Health expenditures4.3% of GDP (2014)
4.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density9 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.8 beds/1,000 population (2006)
1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.7% (2016)
7.5% (2016)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 8,284,395
percentage: 42% (2010 est.)
total number: 532,518
percentage: 47% (2006 est.)
Demographic profileDespite a wealth of fertile soil, hydroelectric power potential, and mineral resources, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) struggles with many socioeconomic problems, including high infant and maternal mortality rates, malnutrition, poor vaccination coverage, lack of access to improved water sources and sanitation, and frequent and early fertility. Ongoing conflict, mismanagement of resources, and a lack of investment have resulted in food insecurity; almost 30 percent of children under the age of 5 are malnourished. The overall coverage of basic public services – education, health, sanitation, and potable water – is very limited and piecemeal, with substantial regional and rural/urban disparities. Fertility remains high at almost 5 children per woman and is likely to remain high because of the low use of contraception and the cultural preference for larger families.
The DRC is a source and host country for refugees. Between 2012 and 2014, more than 119,000 Congolese refugees returned from the Republic of Congo to the relative stability of northwest DRC, but more than 540,000 Congolese refugees remained abroad as of year-end 2015. In addition, an estimated 3.9 million Congolese were internally displaced as of October 2017, the vast majority fleeing violence between rebel group and Congolese armed forces. Thousands of refugees have come to the DRC from neighboring countries, including Rwanda, the Central African Republic, and Burundi.
The Central African Republic’s (CAR) humanitarian crisis has worsened since a coup in March 2013. CAR’s high mortality rate and low life expectancy are attributed to elevated rates of preventable and treatable diseases (including malaria and malnutrition), an inadequate health care system, precarious food security, and armed conflict. Some of the worst mortality rates are in western CAR’s diamond mining region, which is impoverished because of government attempts to control the diamond trade and the fall in industrial diamond prices. To make matters worse, the government and international donors have reduced health funding in recent years. The CAR’s weak educational system and low literacy rate have also suffered as a result of the country’s ongoing conflict. Schools are closed, qualified teachers are scarce, infrastructure, funding, and supplies are lacking and subject to looting, and many students and teachers are displaced by violence.
Rampant poverty, human rights violations, unemployment, poor infrastructure, and a lack of security and stability have led to forced displacement internally and externally. Since the political crisis that resulted in CAR’s March 2013 coup began in December 2012, approximately 370,000 people have fled to Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and other neighboring countries, while more than an estimated 600,000 are displaced internally as of October 2017. The UN has urged countries to refrain from repatriating CAR refugees amid the heightened lawlessness.
Contraceptive prevalence rate20.4% (2013/14)
15.2% (2010/11)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 97.5
youth dependency ratio: 91.5
elderly dependency ratio: 6
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 90
youth dependency ratio: 83.1
elderly dependency ratio: 7
potential support ratio: 14.4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook