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Polonia Perfil Gobierno 2017

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Capitalnombre: Warsaw
coordenadas geográficas: 52 15 N, 21 00 E
diferencia de tiempo: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
División administrativa16 provinces (wojewodztwa, singular - wojewodztwo); Dolnoslaskie (Lower Silesia), Kujawsko-Pomorskie (Kuyavia-Pomerania), Lodzkie (Lodz), Lubelskie (Lublin), Lubuskie (Lubusz), Malopolskie (Lesser Poland), Mazowieckie (Masovia), Opolskie (Opole), Podkarpackie (Subcarpathia), Podlaskie, Pomorskie (Pomerania), Slaskie (Silesia), Swietokrzyskie (Holy Cross), Warminsko-Mazurskie (Warmia-Masuria), Wielkopolskie (Greater Poland), Zachodniopomorskie (West Pomerania)
Independencia11 Noviembre 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates: 966 (adoption of Christianity, traditional founding date), 1 Julio 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created)
Feriado nacionalConstitution Day, 3 Mayo (1791)
Constituciónhistory: several previous; latest adoptada 2 Abril 1997, approved by referendum 25 Mayo 1997, efectiva 17 Octubre 1997
amendments: proposed by at least one-fifth of Sejm deputies, by the Senate, or by the president of the republic; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote in the Sejm and absolute majority vote in the Senate; amendments to articles relating to sovereignty, personal freedoms, and constitutional amendment procedures also require passage by majority vote in a referendum; modificada 2006, 2009, 2015 (2016)
Sufragio18 años de edad; universal
Poder Executivojefe de estado: Presidente Andrzej DUDA (desde 6 August 2015)
jefe de gobierno: Prime Minister Beata SZYDLO (desde 16 November 2015); Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Culture and National Heritage Piotr GLINSKI (desde 16 November 2015), Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education Jaroslaw GOWIN (desde 16 November 2015), and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development Mateusz MORAWIECKI (desde 16 November 2015)
cabinet: Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, appointed by the president, and approved by the Sejm
elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 10 and 24 May 2015 (next to be held in 2020); prime minister, deputy prime ministers, and Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the Sejm
election results: Andrzej DUDA elected president; percent of vote in runoff - Andrzej DUDA 51.5%, Bronislaw KOMOROWSKI (independent) 48.5%

Fuente: CIA World Factbook
A menos que sea indicado, toda la información en esta página es correcta hasta Julio 9, 2017