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Equatorial Guinea Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCentral Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Geographic coordinates2 00 N, 10 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 28,051 sq km
land: 28,051 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 528 km
border countries (2): Cameroon 183 km, Gabon 345 km
Coastline296 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; always hot, humid
Terraincoastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 577 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Land useagricultural land: 10.1%
arable land 4.3%; permanent crops 2.1%; permanent pasture 3.7%
forest: 57.5%
other: 32.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated landNA
Population distributiononly two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands
Natural hazardsviolent windstorms; flash floods
volcanism: Santa Isabel (3,007 m), which last erupted in 1923, is the country's only historically active volcano; Santa Isabel, along with two dormant volcanoes, form Bioko Island in the Gulf of Guinea
Environment - current issuestap water is non-potable; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteinsular and continental regions widely separated

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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