IndexMundi Home
Flag of Egypt

Egypt

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Terrorism

Environment

Health

Arab Republic of Egypt

Anthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
"بلادي، بلادي، بلادي"
(English: "My country, my country, my country")
EGY orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Cairo
30°2′N31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Official languagesArabic
National languageEgyptian Arabic[a]
Religion
See Religion in Egypt
Demonym(s)Egyptian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
republic
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Moustafa Madbouly
Ali Abdel Aal
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Establishment
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
[1][2][b]
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805[3]
28 February 1922
23 July 1952
• Republic declared
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
Area
• Total
1,010,408[4] km2 (390,121 sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%)
0.632
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 100,075,480 [5][6] (13th)
• 2017 census
94,798,827[7]
• Density
100/km2 (259.0/sq mi) (83th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.391 trillion[8] (19th)
• Per capita
Increase $14,023[8] (94th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $302.256 billion[8] (40th)
• Per capita
Increase $3,047[8] (126th)
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 31.8[9]
medium · 51st
HDI (2018)Increase 0.700[10]
high · 116th
CurrencyEgyptian pound (E£) (EGP)
Time zoneUTC+2[c] (EET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+20
ISO 3166 codeEG
Internet TLD
  1. ^Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[11]Egyptian Arabic is the spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. ^ "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[12][13] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums