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Name: Minsk
geographische Koordinaten: 53 54 N, 27 34 E
Zeitunterschied: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
etymology: the origin of the name is disputed; Minsk may originally have been located 16 km to the southwest, on the banks of Menka River; remnants of a 10th-century settlement on the banks of the Menka have been found 
25 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
Unabhängigkeit, 3 Juli (1944); note - 3 Juli 1944 was the date Minsk was liberated from German troops, 25 August 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union
history: several previous; latest drafted between late 1991 and early 1994, signed 15 März 1994
amendments: proposed by the president of the republic through petition to the National Assembly or by petition of least 150,000 eligible voters; approval required by at least two-thirds majority vote in both chambers or by simple majority of votes cast in a referendum (2016)
18 Jahre; universal
Staatsoberhaupt: Staatspräsident Aleksandr LUKASHENKO (seit dem 20 July 1994)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sergey RUMAS (seit dem 18 August 2018); First Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr TURCHIN (seit dem 18 August 2018); Deputy Prime Ministers Igor LYASHENKO, Vladimir KUKHAREV, Igor PETRISHENKO (seit dem 18 August 2018), Mikhail RUSYY (seit dem 2012)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (no term limits); first election took place on 23 June and 10 July 1994; according to the 1994 constitution, the next election should have been held in 1999; however, Aleksandr LUKASHENKO extended his term to 2001 via a November 1996 referendum; subsequent election held on 9 September 2001; an October 2004 referendum ended presidential term limits and allowed the president to run and win in a third (19 March 2006), fourth (19 December 2010), and fifth election (11 October 2015); next election in 2020; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president and approved by the National Assembly
election results: Aleksandr LUKASHENKO reelected president; percent of vote - Aleksandr LUKASHENKO (independent) 83.5%, Tatstyana KARATKEVICH (Tell the Truth) 4.4%, Sergey GAYDUKEVICH (LDP) 3.3%, other 8.8%; note - election marred by electoral fraud

Quelle: CIA World Factbook - Version Dezember 31, 2019