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Cook Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates21 14 S, 159 46 W
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 236 sq km
land: 236 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline120 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to March
Terrainlow coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Te Manga 652 m
Natural resourcescoconuts (copra)
Land useagricultural land: 8.4%
arable land 4.2%; permanent crops 4.2%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 64.6%
other: 27% (2011 est.)
Irrigated landNA
Population distributionmost of the population is found on the island of Rarotonga
Natural hazardstropical cyclones (November to March)
Environment - current issueslimited land presents solid and liquid waste disposal problems; environmental degradation due to unregulated building
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
Geography - notethe northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq km

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018