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Comoros Geography Profile

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Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates
12 10 S, 44 15 E
Map references
total: 2,235 sq km
land: 2,235 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
total: 0 km
340 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Karthala 2,360 m
Natural resources
Land use
agricultural land: 84.4% (2011 est.)
arable land: 46.7% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 29.6% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 8.1% (2011 est.)
forest: 1.4% (2011 est.)
other: 14.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land
1.3 sq km (2012)
Population distribution
the capital city of Maroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country's largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated as shown in this population distribution map
Natural hazards

cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); volcanic activity on Grand Comore

volcanism: Karthala (2,361 m) on Grand Comore Island last erupted in 2007; a 2005 eruption forced thousands of people to be evacuated and produced a large ash cloud

Environment - current issues
deforestation; soil degradation and erosion results from forest loss and from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; marine biodiversity affected as soil erosion leads to the silting of coral reefs
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020