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Comoros Geography Profile

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LocationSouthern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates12 10 S, 44 15 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 2,235 sq km

land: 2,235 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 0 km
Coastline340 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
Terrainvolcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Elevation extremeshighest point: Karthala 2,360 m

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Natural resourcesfish
Land useagricultural land: 84.4% (2018 est.)

arable land: 46.7% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 29.6% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 8.1% (2018 est.)

forest: 1.4% (2018 est.)

other: 14.2% (2018 est.)
Irrigated land1.3 sq km (2012)
Total renewable water resources1.2 billion cubic meters (2017 est.)
Natural hazards

cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); volcanic activity on Grand Comore

volcanism: Karthala (2,361 m) on Grand Comore Island last erupted in 2007; a 2005 eruption forced thousands of people to be evacuated and produced a large ash cloud

Geography - noteimportant location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021