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Republic of Colombia

República de Colombia(Spanish)
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
"Freedom and Order"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia  (Spanish)
("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia")
Location of Colombia (dark green) in South America (grey)
Location of Colombia (dark green)

in South America (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Bogotá
4°35′N74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languages68[a]
Ethnic groups
(2018 Census[1])
Religion
(2018)[2]
88.6% Christianity
—73.7% Roman Catholic
—14.1% Protestant
—0.8% Other Christian
9.6% No religion
1.1% Other religions
0.7% No answer
Demonym(s)Colombian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Iván Duque Márquez
Marta Lucía Ramírez
Lidio García Turbay
José Luis Barceló
LegislatureCongress
Senate
Chamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
20 July 1810
• Recognized
7 August 1819
• Last unitarisation
1886
4 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi) (25th)
• Water (%)
2.1 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 50,372,424[4] (28th)
• Density
42.23/km2 (109.4/sq mi) (173rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$827.662 billion[5] (31st)
• Per capita
$16,264[5]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$343.177 billion[5] (38th)
• Per capita
$6,744[5]
Gini (2018)Negative increase 50.4[6]
high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.761[7]
high · 79th
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Time zoneUTC−5[b] (COT)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
  1. ^ Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups – approximately 68 languages – each is also official in its own territory.[8] English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.[9]
  2. ^ The official Colombian time[10] is controlled and coordinated by the National Institute of Metrology.[11]

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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